For the people of ancient Maya, calendars were just as important to daily life as they are to people today. I doubt they were virgins after the "priests" got them ready for sacrifice. So stylized and colorful. Write for us!If you wish your stories to be published on our site, click on this link and learn how you can become a writer for Cultura Colectiva! The great stone carving weighs an astounding twenty six tons! It was buried face down near the center of what was once Tenochtítlan. The 20-day group ran simultaneously with another group of 13 numbered days (perhaps not coincidentally the Aztec heaven had 13 layers). drbj and sherry from south Florida on May 09, 2012: Hi, Lela, I would go so far as to call the gigantic Aztec Sun Stone one of the Wonders of the World. I still have my Aztec calendar hanging in my home office. The current sun age belief is that it will end by great earthquakes that shake the world. The Aztec calendar divides the days between the different gods and events. This Aztec calendar had two parts: one reserved for the calculation of religious festivals and the other one for the calculation of ordinary days. The calendar stone must be one of the greatest works of art in the world. Perhaps some Aztecs and Mayans still recognize the old naming conventions of the old calendar, but the Julian calendar is used today. Rebecca Pasternak from Evanston, Illinois on November 09, 2012: This hub is fascinating - and quite timely for any doomsdayers! Through Spanish usage, the 20 day period of the Aztec calendar has become commonly known as … So the four knots equal a total sacred count of 52 years. This epoch ended when hurricanes and floods swept the Earth. The Aztec calendar is different from the modern calendar in many ways. A calendar makes it potential to do that. Christopher Antony Meade from Gillingham Kent. I'm glad that a part of their culture and beliefs still remain. A meeting calendar is perfect for you. Each month had 13 days which equaled the Aztec year of 260 days. People who could read this sign would identify the humming bird and the blue background with Huiztilopochtli. There is no direct correlation with today's date in the Haab calendar. They follo… Ha! In Nahuátl, the Aztec Sun Stone is called Teoilhuicatlapaluaztli-Ollin Tonalmachiotl. You will have to have all 3 calendars. Answer: That link moved, so I removed it. The Aztecs and Mayans used three calendars, one called the long count calendar; one called the Haab, or civil/daily calendar; and one called the Tzolkin, which was the religious calendar. That's a lot of math. It describes the days and rituals related to the seasons, and therefor might be called the agricultural year or the solar year. They have always had a rather "bad press" because of human sacrifice etc. The calendars are offered on this page alongside hyperlinks to download them. The rich visual infographic makes a great handout, Pow The fourth sun is the age in which humans navigated the globe and crossed the oceans. They really were not any worse than the Romans, who get off much more lightly from historians. Like the Mayan calendar, the Aztec calendar consisted of a ritual cycle of 260 days and a 365-day civil cycle. The Aztec glyphs contained in the ring around the four past suns represent the 20 months of the year. Interesting hub and I won't even try to recheck your calculations! Your students will learn over 30 specific details, how to read the Aztec Calendar, and the dimensions of the most popular Mesoamerican image. 4 Read the date. It is reputed to be wonderful. I would really love to see it in person, but I would also love to see the Mona Lisa too. What Is The Aztec Calendar? The Mayan calendar is widespread and is used on a daily basis by farmers, traders and priests. If you had asked me, I would have said the last century. The Aztec calendar is also called by name of Tonalpohualli. How to Read an Aztec Calendar 1 Reading the Ritual Calendar. Aztec priests and leaders researched movements of the sun and planets in the sky. In an Aztec 52 year cycle there were four counts of thirteen years each. Stacy Harris from Hemet, Ca on May 09, 2012: I am so glad that our calendars that we have today are so much easier... and lighter... than the Aztec Calendar. I always had a fascination for it and it really intrigued me. This circle is enclosed by two giant fire serpents that descent towards the west from the date 13-Cane and the birth of the Fifth Sun. There are seven Aztec star glyphs in the headdresses of the two heads meeting at the bottom of the outer ring. This region lies in between Mexico and South America and was home to many other cultures, including the Aztec, Olmec, Teotihuacan and Toltec. But, there is a lot to see and do. xochitl – flower. Most of these signs made use of animal symbolism. The Aztec calendar has a 260 days. Aztec Calendar - Infographic - 1 pageOne-page infographic exquisitely details the Aztec Calendar Stone. Further reading. A how to read aztec calendar is utilized by men and women around the world to manage their work and other important pursuits. The Aztec Calendar, also known as the Sun Stone, is a monumental sculpture which weighs a mammoth 24,590kg and slightly over 3ft thick. It was used as a civil calendar to keep track of planting seasons and holidays and the like. Aztec Calendar signs: Aztecs used many interesting signs to denote different days. The Tzolkin was used to mark religious events. The second sun was an agricultural age when mankind learned to farm and work the Earth. Even though the Sun Stone is commonly regarded as a calendar, for it's a way to keep time according to Mexica standards, this monolith (which weighs over 24 pounds) is a huge question mark even to this day. 4. In the modern world we tend to relate the passing of time to movement along a straight line (look at history timelines in our classrooms!) The first number, 12 equals the baktun (144,000 day count) or 12 x 144,000 days since the beginning of the current long count ( 0.0.0.0.0), The second number, 19 equals the katun (7,200 day count) and an addition of 19 x 7,200 days, The third number, 19 equals the tun (360 day count) and an addition of 19 x 360 days, The fourth number, 6 equals the uinal (20 day count) and an addition of 6 x 20 days, The fifth number, 13 equals the kin (one day count) and an addition of 13 x 1 days. Find the meaning of each day in the Tzolk’in calendar system here. To the Aztecs it truly was the Great and Venerable Mechanism of the Universe. (12 x 144,00) + (19 x 7,200) + (19 x 360) + (6 x 20) + (13 x 1) = 1,871,823 days since the beginning of the current long count calendar. Some say its burial was deliberate and some say that it was an accident. That stone calendar is a thing of beauty! Heck, I wonder about it daily! The former is the agricultural cycle based on the … You can use the link in this article to find the Aztec or Mayan equivalent of today's date or any other date. How To Read The Aztec Callender | Aztec Calendar, Mayan – 24378 Aztec Calendar Symbols | Aztec Calendar, Mayan Calendar – 24369. A big Thumbs up and definitely shared with others! Thanks, Stacy. I am another person who won't challenge your computations. And right - they HAD to sacrifice an occasional person that doesn't make them bad:) lol. The fourth circle is a solar disk alternating depictions of lighting and jade beads, plus symbols representing years, feathers, and precious water.5. Here you can see the names of the various symbols. Seemed very fitting. The Tzolkin calendar was strictly a religious calendar for priests to use. Assign a symbol (day-sign, glyph) dedicated to a god to each of the 20 cycles. Aztec Astrology. *The previous description belongs to Leonardo LÃ³pez LujÃ¡n and is included in the CatÃ¡logo esencial del Museo Nacional de AntropologÃa: 100 Obras," edited by Artes de MÃ©xico and the National Institute of History and Anthropology (INAH) in 2011. Answer Keys Here. I think it's a bit technical and still hard to understand, but I tried to explain things in a logical manner. A particular day, month, and year can be expressed as a Long Count date using baktun, katun, tun, uinal, and k’in units of time together with a Haab and a Tzolk’in calendar dates. I studied world religions in college and loved it. The Mayan calendar has a similar configuration and the same 20-days period which they labeled uinal. diogenes from UK and Mexico on May 09, 2012: I knew it had been lost and found, but hadn't known how long ago it was dug up. Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on August 21, 2012: I have always found that the notion of sacrificing virgins was a hoax for sure. There is not just one Aztec calendar, there are two more or less independent systems. The Aztec Calendar Handbook, involving thousands of man-hours of effort to create, takes a blueprint style approach to a Historical Reference primer. taazakhabar from New Delhi, India on August 12, 2012: Thanks for sharing this really interesting and wonderful information. As Tenochtítlan was an island built into a shallow lake bed, the only access was by boat or over the causeways. Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on May 09, 2012: Oh definitely, drbj. The discovery of the Aztec Calendar, Casasola Archive, 1913. Instead, it features several symbols that represent the Mexicas' conception of time and space. The Aztecs were the last of the great cultures of Mesoamerica before the European conquests. Such a calendar allows them to mark important small enterprise events, meetings, and other business-related pursuits. Surrounding the center face of the stone are the glyphs of the four past suns. I used my computer's calculator to work this out, so if you spot an error, let me know below in the comments section. "The next circle is occupied by the date 4-Movement, which names the current era and encompasses the previous four (4-Wind, 4-Jaguar, 4-Fire Rain, and 4-Water) along with a pair of claws that are meant to entrap hearts.Â. Aztec Reading Comprehension Worksheets Related Standards: RI.6-8.1 & RH.6-8.8. Would you agree? Aztec Calendar Summary. The Haab calendar was simply a daily calendar that repeated every year. Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on October 05, 2012: I don't dare challenge my own math :-) I had to do these calculations about 20 times before I thought it might be right. The colour blue is synonymous with the sun and, therefore, the sun god Huitzilopochtli, whose name was Left Hand Hummingbird. The Aztec sun stone, also called the calendar stone, is on display at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. The Maya (often mistakenly called the "Mayan") calendar received a great deal of publicity as the year 2012 drew to a close, resulting from claims that it predicted the world would end on December 21 of that year.However, the Maya calendar called for only an end to that particular calendar cycle and the start of a new one. I have visited Mexico and it is such a great place to visit with a great deal of history. These two cycles together form a 52-year "century", sometimes called the "calendar round". The Aztec word for moon is metzli but whatever name that was used for these periods is unknown. The third sun was the heyday of the Aztec pyramid construction and when the temples and observatories were first put in place. It is one of the Mesoamerican calendars, sharing the basic structure of calendars from throughout ancient Mesoamerica. Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on September 26, 2012: I just re-read the whole thing. A good explanation of Aztec calendar wheels can be found here. Lela (author) from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on January 04, 2013: Thanks, Lisa. The Tzolkin calendar had 20 months of 13 days each and the year equaled 260 days. I have trouble enough reading our own calendar! Because of this, you may use Calendar for a reminder to recollect all those important duties. They continued the traditions of the first of the Mesoamericans who looked into the heavens for ways to live in the good graces of their gods and the universe around them.The Aztec people were an agricultural people that equated religion to survival. Loves to write about a wide range of subjects. The outer ring of the stone is carved with two Fire Serpents representing the sun and stars. :). They replace the Mayan glyphs with Aztec glyph equivalents. The other calendar has 260 days. At the start of the thirteenth century a nomadic tribe in Northern Mexico began to form.