Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011] Editors: Julian PT Higgins and Sally Green . At first, he had no serious opposition: Juan José and Luis Carrera had been captured attempting to infiltrate the rebel army. Ambrosio formally recognized his son in 1801 on his deathbed, and Bernardo suddenly found himself the owner of a prosperous estate in Chile. in latin America both Simon bolivar and Jose de san martin were leaders who worked for independnce one similarity in the leadership of latin Americans Jose de san martin, Toussaint L'Ouverture, Bernardo O'Higgins, and Pedro I was that each leader Being the most irregular of the lakes in the area, consisting of eight well defined arms, the name San Martín is sometimes used to refer only to the Argentine side, and O'Higgins to the four Chilean arms. A city is named after him, as well as several Chilean navy ships, countless streets, and a military base. As the attack commenced, his troops were much closer to the Spanish than anticipated, and they fought hard and herâ¦ Helpful links. He was appointed to the governing body as the representative of his region. Both names come from independence heroes José de San Martín of Argentina and Bernardo O'Higgins of Chile, who fought together for the liberation of Chile, and came to be known as Liberators of America together with other South American figures. The Carrera family having already seized power supported a specifically Chilean nationalism, as opposed to the broader Latin American focus of the other group, which included OâHiggins and José de San Martín. Carrera fled the battlefield, but O'Higgins remained despite a bullet wound in his leg. Viewed from above, the lake consists of a series of finger-shaped flooded valleys, of which 554 square kilometres (214 sq mi) are in Chile and 459 square kilometres (177 sq mi) in Argentina, although sources differ on the precise split, presumably reflecting water level variability. Meanwhile, O'Higgins had distinguished himself as a cavalry commander. It is mainly fed by the Mayer River and other streams, and its outlet, the Pascua River, discharges water from the lake towards the Pacific Ocean at a rate of 510 cubic metres per second (18,000 cu ft/s). â¦patriots under the command of Bernardo OâHiggins, San Martínâs army restored independence to a region whose highly factionalized junta had been defeated by royalists in 1814. He then alienated the commercial class by continuing to contribute to expensive wars in Peru. O'Higgins and thousands of other Chilean rebels made the weary trek into Argentina and exile. He was a bastard for most of his early life, unrecognized by his father, who was a devout supporter of the king. OâKLM Food. His mother Isabel Riquelme was the daughter of a prominent local, and he was raised with her family. Bernardo only met his father once (and at that time he did not know who he was) and spent most of his early life with his mother and traveling. Although O'Higgins and the rebels fought very bravely, the result was predictable. Hair Salon. He changed the tax code and did much to encourage commerce, including the completion of the Maipo Canal. The massive royalist force eventually drove the rebels out of the city. They laid siege to the city in July of 1813, in the middle of the harsh Chilean winter. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. O'Higgins/San Martin Lake, Chile/Argentina (NASA, International Space Station, 09/28/13) Hello Flickr friends! He is known as the "liberator of Chile." When they did manage to take part of the town, the rebel forces engaged in raping and looting, which caused the province to sympathize with the royalist side. Many of his liberal policies, seen as radical at the time, are respected today. He did not back down from fights, even those he could not win. O'Higgins' support began to erode quickly. The lake is the deepest in the Americas with a maximum depth of 836 metres (2,743 ft) near O'Higgins Glacier, and its characteristic milky light-blue color comes from rock flour suspended in its waters.