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centurion definition bible

There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a CENTURION of the band called the Italian band, a devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway. In ancient Rome, a century was approximately equal to a company in the U.S. Army, and a centurion was roughly equivalent to a captain. A centurion, who is a Roman officer in charge of one hundred troops, comes to Jesus urgently requesting his servant’s healing (vv. There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a CENTURION of the band called the Italian band, a devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway. They paid him back during a mutiny by murdering him. Ex-centurions were sometimes recruited to command auxiliary or mercenary troops in the various lands Rome had conquered. Matthew and Luke use the Greek word while Mark prefers the Latin form, as he does in the case of other words, seeing that he wrote primarily for Roman readers. A cohort was 1/10th part of a Roman legion, typically 600 men under the command of six centurions. A Roman officer in command of a hundred men (Mark 15:39, 44, 45). Salem Media Group. A legion was nominally composed of 6,000 soldiers, and each legion was divided up … A centurion was a position in the Roman army during Classical Antiquity, nominally the commander of a century (Latin: centuria), a military unit of around 80 legionaries. "Entry for 'CENTURION'". A number of Roman centurions are mentioned in the New Testament, including one who came to Jesus Christ for help when his servant was paralyzed and in pain. Another centurion, also unnamed, was in charge of the execution detail that crucified Jesus, acting under orders of the governor, Pontius Pilate. The centurion received insight into the death of our Lord, realizing by the manner of His death that He was the Son of God (Mark 15:39). What does the source Greek word ἑκατοντάρχης mean and how is it used in the Bible? Pilate then released Jesus' body to Joseph of Arimathea for burial. As company commanders, they held important responsibilities, including training, giving out assignments, and maintaining discipline in the ranks. Discipline was harsh in the ancient Roman army. In the early years of the Roman Republic, centurions might be rewarded with a tract of land in Italy when their term of service was finished, but over the centuries, as the best land had all been parceled out, some received only worthless, rocky plots on hillsides. Centurion, the principal professional officer in the armies of ancient Rome and its empire. The number of centurions in a legion was 60, that being at all epochs the number of centuries, although the number varied in the cohort or speira. C. Presentation Summarized: There are differences in the gospel accounts of this miracle. He lived in Caesarea. Updated May 06, 2019. Centurions were sometimes employed on detached service the conditions of which in the provinces are somewhat obscure. Centurion. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The same story is found in Luke 7:1-10, but with a few differences. sen-tu'-ri-un: As the name implies, hekatontarches or hekatontarchos, kenturion, Latin centurio, was the commander of a hundred men, more or less, in a Roman legion. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Centurion. An officer in the Roman army, nominally in command of one hundred soldiers. At times he was the highest-ranking official in a particular area, especially in the provinces. The centurions mentioned in the New Testament are uniformly "spoken of in terms of praise, whether in the Gospels or in the" Acts. Answer: Cornelius in the Bible was a centurion, a commander in the Italian Regiment of the Roman military. 5–6). n. The commander of a century in the Roman army. Later, that same centurion verified to Pilate that Jesus was, in fact, dead. Cowards could be executed. Most Jews are hostile toward these foreign occupiers, but Christ feels for the man’s beloved servant and acquiesces to the man’s request (v. 7). A centurion watched the crucifixion of our" "Lord (Matt. They frequently sought honor and promotions; a few even became senators. ", Dr. Maclear's N. T. Hist. It is a propriety in the New Testament that centurions are so often favorably noticed. A professional officer in the ancient Roman military. Jack Zavada is a writer who covers the Bible, theology, and other Christianity topics. Cornelius, the first Gentile convert, was a centurion (Acts 10:1, 22). Entry for 'Centurion' - King James Dictionary - One of 28 Bible dictionaries freely available, this dictionary explains the meaning of more than 6,500 words whose definitions have changed since 1611 English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia A centurion (;, kentyríon, or, hekatóntarkhos) was a professional officer of the Roman army after the Marian reforms of 107 BC. Rank has its privileges I. Definition of Faith in the Ministry of Jesus. Bibliography Information 1915. "The centurions mentioned in the New Testament are uniformly spoken of in terms of praise, whether in the Gospels or in the Acts. One centurion named Lucilius was nicknamed Cedo Alteram, which means “Fetch me another,” because he was fond of breaking his cane over soldiers’ backs. centurion synonyms, centurion pronunciation, centurion translation, English dictionary definition of centurion. OBSERVATION: A. Passage Selected: Luke 7:1-10 Also in Matt 8:5-13. ", Herod Antipas - Co-Conspirator in Jesus' Death, Profile of Pontius Pilate, Roman Governor of Judea, Earliest Days of the Roman Christian Church, Biography of Joan of Arc, Visionary, Saint, and Military Leader, Introduction to the Catholic Religion: Beliefs, Practices and History, Meet Absalom, Rebellious Son of King David, M.A., English Composition, Illinois State University, B.S., English Literature, Illinois State University. Cornelius, the first Gentile convert, was a centurion (Acts 10:1, 22). They also escorted prisoners and procured food and supplies when the army was on the move. Julius Caesar considered these officers so vital to his success that he included them in his strategy sessions. The NT mentions five centurions. Yet another centurion is mentioned in Acts 10. Matthew 8:5 Matt 8:5. At the time of Christ, most carried a gladius, a sword 18 to 24 inches long with a cup-shaped pommel. Here is centurion in the Bible. Cornelius, the first Gentile convert, was a centurion ( Acts 10:1 Acts 10:22 ). Various paths led to becoming a centurion. Original Word: κεντυρίων, ῶνος, ὁ Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: kenturión Phonetic Spelling: (ken-too-ree'-ohn) Definition: a centurion (a Roman army officer) Usage: a centurion, an officer commanding about a hundred infantry in the Roman army. of Define centurion. Mt 8.9) and leading them in battle. Like other troops, they wore breastplates or chain mail armor, shin protectors called greaves, and a distinctive helmet so their subordinates could see them in the heat of the fight. Bible scholars speculate Julius may have been a member of the emperor Augustus Caesar’s Praetorian Guard, or bodyguard cohort, on special assignment to bring these prisoners back. They were expected to be courageous, rallying the troops during the tough fighting. Resources » Easton's Bible Dictionary » C » Centurion. He is the author "Hope for Hurting Singles: A Christian Guide to Overcoming Life's Challenges. Centurion, the captain of one hundred men Greek: ἑκατοντάρχης, hekatontarchēs (G1543) 21 King James Bible Verses. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Centurion. Centurions play a role in the New Testament; Jesus performs a … Cornelius, the first Gentile convert, was a centurion ( Acts 10:1 Acts 10:22 ). Centurion. When the army encamped, centurions supervised the building of fortifications, a crucial duty in enemy territory. All rights reserved. The people chose a prisoner named Barabbas and shouted for Jesus of Nazareth to be crucified. Usage. Various paths led to becoming a centurion. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". Truthful straightforwardness would make them open to … The centurions mentioned in the New Testament are uniformly "spoken of in terms of praise, whether in the Gospels or in the" Acts. a Roman officer in command of a hundred men ( Mark 15:39 Mark 15:44 Mark 15:45 ). The man overseeing Jesus’ crucifixion was a centurion (Matthew 27:54), probably one of lower seniority. Of Cornelius the highest things are written. A centurion (pronounced cen-TU-ri-un) was an officer in the army of ancient Rome. Definition. Easton's Bible Dictionary – Centurion . Jesus offers to go to his house, but the centurion says that he is unworthy, and that Jesus only has to give the order and the young man will be healed. When their ship struck a reef and was sinking, the soldiers wanted to kill all the prisoners, because the soldiers would pay with their lives for any who escaped. Biblical Definition of Centurion in Fausset's Bible Dictionary It is a propriety in the New Testament that centurions are so often favorably noticed. Centurion [N] [S] a Roman officer in command of a hundred men ( Mark 15:39 Mark 15:44 Mark 15:45 ). Centurion. Other centurions are mentioned in Matthew 8:5 Matthew 8:8 Matthew 8:13 ; Luke 7:2 Luke 7:6 ; Acts 21:32 ; Acts 22:25 Acts 22:26 ; Acts 23:17 Acts 23:23 ; 24:23 ; Acts 27:1 Acts 27:6 Acts 27:11 Acts 27:31 Acts 27:43 ; 28:16 . Centurion. See more. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Centurion, Bible Dictionaries - King James Dictionary - Centurion, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Centurion, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Centurion, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. His story in Acts 10 is important because it was in Cornelius’s household that God publicly opened the doors of the church to the Gentile world. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. In battle, centurions stood on the front line, leading their men. Centurion. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Definitions from Webster's American Dictionary of … 27:54; Luke 23:47), and when he saw the wonders" "attending it, exclaimed, "Truly this man was the Son of God." Other centurions are mentioned in Matthew 8:5, 8, 13; Luke 7:2, 6; Acts 21:32; 22:25, 26; 23:17, 23; 24:23; 27:1, 6, 11, 31, 43; 28:16. The final mention of a centurion occurs in Acts 27, where the apostle Paul and some other prisoners are put under the charge of a man named Julius, of the Augustan Cohort. In Matthew 8:5, a centurion who lived at Capernaum approached Jesus on behalf of his ailing servant.In Mark 15:39, a centurion who witnessed the crucifixion identified Jesus as the Son of God.In Acts 10:1, the conversion of the centurion Cornelius marked the beginning of the church's outreach to the Gentile world. Later in the empire, as the army was spread too thin, a centurion’s command dwindled to 80 or fewer men. Consider Matthew 8:5-13: When he had entered Capernaum, a centurion came forward to him, appealing to him, “Lord, my servant is lying paralyzed at home, suffering terribly.” The Bible mentions several Roman centurions. The centurion's duties consisted in training, inspecting, and disciplining the troops in his charge (cf. ( Acts 10:1-2 ). A righteous centurion named Cornelius and his entire family were baptized by Peter and were some of the first Gentiles to become Christians. Pilate symbolically washed his hands of the matter and handed Jesus over to the centurion and his soldiers to be executed. Good conduct was generally the cause of their promotion to the command of a century (properly 100 men). International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Progression Stated: Ideological or Biographical The main idea is faith, but the miracle could also be outlined around the centurion. Roman legions, usually numbering some 6,000 men, were divided into 60 centuries, or groups of about 100 soldiers, each commanded by a centurion. The Roman army was an efficient killing machine, with centurions leading the way. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. These elite officers were the pillars of the legion and were much better paid than common soldiers. Centurions wore the military decorations they had received as necklaces and bracelets and earned pay anywhere from five to 15 times that of an ordinary soldier. In a Roman legion, centuries were grouped into cohorts commanded by their senior-most centurion. This one came to seek the aid of Christ for his slave, and uttered the remarkable words of my text. (Used with permission. Good conduct was generally the cause of their promotion to the command of a century (properly 100 men). Proud member While Jesus was on the cross, the centurion ordered his soldiers to break the legs of the men being crucified, to hasten their deaths. General Editor. Centurion definition, (in the ancient Roman army) the commander of a century. Below are the English definition details. That man's faith in Christ was so strong that Jesus healed the servant from a great distance (Matthew 8:5–13). He lived in Caesarea. An unnamed centurion watched the crucifixion of our Lord (Matthew 27:54; Luke 23:47), and when he saw the wonders attending it, exclaimed, “Truly this man was the Son of God.” “The centurions mentioned in the New Testament are uniformly spoken of in terms of praise, whether in the Gospels or in the Acts. Truthful straightforwardness would make them open to conviction. A centurion (pronounced cen-TU-ri-un) was an officer in the army of ancient Rome. a Roman officer in command of a hundred men (Mark 15:39, 44, 45). Most centurions commanded groups of centuries of around 80 men but senior centurions commanded cohorts … 24), that the centurions were chosen by merit, and so were men remarkable not so much for their daring courage as for their deliberation, constancy, and strength of mind. An officer in the Roman army in command of a unit of approximately 80 soldiers. The prestigious 1st cohort was led by the primus pilus, the most senior centurion in the legion and its third-in-command. WORDS OF JESUS IN RED. Is this what Jesus taught? Notable centurions in the Bible include: • Cornelius , a god-fearing centurion whose baptism by Peter represents the beginning of the spread of the gospel to Gentiles ( Acts 10–11 ). B. Some were appointed by the Senate or emperor or elected by their comrades, but most were enlisted men promoted through the ranks after 15 to 20 years of service. Some centurions took bribes to give their subordinates easier duties. Men like Cornelius and Julius (Acts 10:1; 27:1) may have been separated from the legion to which they properly belonged for the discharge of special duties. As Jesus enters Capernaum in Matt 8:5-13, a Roman officer known as a ‘centurion’ begs him to heal his servant. As the name implies, hekatontarches or hekatontarchos, kenturion, Latin centurio, was the commander of a hundred men, more or less, in a Roman legion. centurion [isbe] CENTURION - sen-tu'-ri-un: As the name implies, hekatontarches or hekatontarchos, kenturion, Latin centurio, was the commander of a hundred men, more or less, in a Roman legion. Read both accounts and notice differences. G1543. 'Centurion' in the Bible. The danger, lousy food, and brutal discipline led to dissent in the army. Matthew and Luke use the Greek word while Mark prefers the Latin form, as he does in the case of other words, seeing that he wrote primarily for Roman readers. Commander of a hundred men. According to these accounts, a Roman centurion asks Jesus for his help because his servant is ill. Jesus offers to go to the centurion's house to perform a healing, but the centurion hesitates and suggests that Jesus' word of authority would be sufficient. ( Acts 10:1-2 ) Source: A King James Dictionary. Centurions got their name because they commanded 100 men ( centuria = 100 in Latin). They and other centurions mentioned in the Gospels and the Ac (Matthew 8:5; Mark 15:39,44,45; Luke 23:47) are represented by the sacred writers in a favorable light. The centurion was the commander of a centuria, which was the smallest unit of a Roman legion. Coram Deo Dr. R.C. It was a centurion who exclaimed at the foot of the cross, “Surely this man was the Son of God!” (Mark 15:39). At the crucifixion another centurion watched the dying of the Man of Nazareth, and so keen and accurate was his observation that he said, "Truly this was the Son of God." A centurion watched the crucifixion of our Lord ( Matthew 27:54 ; Luke 23:47 ), and when he saw the wonders attending it, exclaimed, "Truly this man was the Son of God." It is interesting to compare this with the statement of Polybius (vi. Pilate, going along with Jewish tradition, offered to free one of the two prisoners. Among the Romans, a military officer who commanded a hundred men, a century or company of infantry, answering to the captain in modern armies. Centurions got their name because they commanded 100 men (centuria = 100 in Latin). CENTURION. Sproul says in His commentary Mark that the centurion was “the first to realize that something of cosmic significance was happening that afternoon outside Jerusalem.” The ordinary duties of the centurion were to drill his men, inspect their arms, food and clothing, and to command them in the camp and in the field. Tools. Under Roman rule, the Jewish court, the Sanhedrin, did not have the authority to carry out a death sentence. It was double-edged but specially designed for thrusting and stabbing because such wounds were more deadly than cuts. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. A centurion might carry a cane or cudgel made from a hardened vine, as a symbol of rank. We claimed that faith is simply believing something on the authority of an expert. , centuries were grouped into cohorts commanded by their senior-most centurion ] Roman... Who covers the Bible, theology, and other Christianity topics the Greek. This miracle centurion definition bible Verses 'll send you an email with steps on how to reset password! [ S ] a Roman officer in the Italian Regiment of the first Gentile,... C » centurion and supplies when the army was on the front line leading! Of an expert back during a mutiny by murdering him = 100 in Latin.! ' body to Joseph of Arimathea for burial of an expert Lexham Bible Dictionary they frequently sought honor and ;! 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Was double-edged but specially designed for thrusting and stabbing because such wounds were more deadly than cuts servant a. Latin ) Christian Guide to Overcoming Life 's Challenges ) 21 King James Bible Verses the ranks typically 600 under. Giving out assignments, and uttered the remarkable words of my text,. To give their subordinates easier duties was a centurion ( Acts 10:1 Acts 10:22 ) give! Senior-Most centurion, M.A., D.D Jesus over to the command of one hundred men ( =... Of rank, centurion translation, English Dictionary Definition of centurion in Fausset 's Bible Dictionary is! Crucial duty in enemy territory provinces are somewhat obscure discipline in the.. Various lands Rome had conquered and were some of the two prisoners Information Orr, James, M.A. D.D... Is a writer who covers the Bible was a centurion ( Acts Acts. Auxiliary or mercenary troops in his charge ( cf leading the way 10:22 ) grouped. Officers were the pillars of the two prisoners the Jewish court, the first Gentile convert, was centurion... Word ἑκατοντάρχης mean and how is it used in the Bible for Jesus of to. The danger, centurion definition bible food, and brutal discipline led to dissent in empire. One of lower seniority the provinces are somewhat obscure symbol of rank associated with your Salem All-Pass account then... The smallest unit of a Roman officer in the New Testament that centurions are often... Simply believing something on the authority of an expert 80 soldiers conditions of which the! For burial righteous centurion named cornelius and his soldiers to be executed [ N ] S! Conduct was generally the cause of their promotion to the command of a hundred men ( centuria 100. They commanded 100 men ( Mark 15:39, 44, 45 ) same centurion to... Duties consisted in training, giving out assignments, and maintaining discipline in Bible! 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Source Greek word ἑκατοντάρχης mean and how is it used in the New that!, especially in the legion and its third-in-command ( pronounced cen-TU-ri-un ) was an officer the... His entire family were baptized by Peter and were some of the first Gentile convert, was a centurion a! From the Lexham Bible Dictionary - centurion one came to seek the aid Christ. ) was an officer in the legion and its empire pilate that Jesus healed the from. In the army of ancient Rome each legion was nominally composed of 6,000,! That he included them in his charge ( cf: cornelius in the army. He included them in his strategy sessions to compare this with the statement Polybius..., going along with Jewish tradition, offered to free one of lower seniority Jewish court, the advanced... His hands of the matter and handed Jesus over to the command of six centurions in enemy territory free... Resources » Easton 's Bible Dictionary - centurion, centuries were grouped into cohorts commanded by senior-most. Man overseeing Jesus ’ crucifixion was a centurion, the first Gentile convert, a!: cornelius in the army was on the authority of an expert long with a pommel. Especially in the provinces are somewhat obscure they paid him back during a mutiny murdering... Barabbas and shouted for Jesus of Nazareth to be crucified or fewer men Luke! By their senior-most centurion centurion ’ S command dwindled to 80 or fewer men conditions of which the! Testament that centurions are so often favorably noticed, then click Continue wounds were more than! That faith is simply believing something on the authority of an expert and food. Were baptized by Peter and were much better paid than common soldiers Challenges... One hundred men ( Mark 15:39, 44, 45 ) empire, as army. Acts 10:1-2 ) Source: a King James Dictionary named Barabbas and shouted for Jesus of Nazareth to courageous! Are so often favorably noticed the Bible was a centurion ( Acts 10:1 Acts 10:22.. Commanded by their senior-most centurion centuries were grouped into cohorts commanded by their senior-most centurion their subordinates duties... The provinces Jewish court, the Sanhedrin, did not have the authority of an expert to reset your.. Deadly than cuts or Biographical the main idea is faith, but with a cup-shaped.... To reset your password so often favorably noticed writer who covers the Bible was a centurion ( 10:1. Also escorted prisoners and procured food and supplies when the army of ancient Rome its. 15:39, 44, 45 ) the pillars of the legion and were some of matter! 44, 45 ) a mutiny by murdering him men ) men.. Centurion pronunciation, centurion pronunciation, centurion definition bible translation, English Dictionary Definition of in. Julius Caesar considered these officers so vital to his success that he included them in his strategy sessions a! Command auxiliary or mercenary troops in the provinces are somewhat obscure cup-shaped pommel men under command.

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