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what causes stretch marks

This not only minimizes stretch marks but also is healthy for you and your baby. Many factors can trigger the appearance of stretch marks. However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. STRETCH MARKS are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body including puberty or pregnancy. Accessed Nov. 5, 2015. The following treatments may be given to improve the appearance of stretchmarks. Stretch marks can cover large areas of the body, but it happens rarely. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. If you have Cushing’s disease or Marfan syndrome, you may see stretch marks. Hussain HA, et al. Stretch marks aren't painful or harmful, but some people feel distressed about the way they make their skin look. There is permanent breakage of the cells and fibers of the skin. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Anyone can develop stretch marks, but some factors increase your likelihood of getting them, including: The best way to reduce the likelihood of getting stretch marks is to maintain a healthy weight. What causes stretch marks? Stretch marks happen when skin changes shape rapidly due to growth or weight gain. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. Puberty, rapid muscle growth and weight gain can be some of the causes for stretchmarks in boys and girls during teenage (3) (4). There are many products and procedures that promise to remove stretch marks, but there aren’t any that have proven effective so far. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Prevention is mostly avoiding quick weight gain and then loss. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. When stretch marks first appear, they tend to be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. Some common conditions include varicose veins and stretch marks. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome weakens the structure of the skin, which can lead to stretch marks at a young age. Stretch marks usually appear in a bluish or purplish color. The most common cause of stretch marks is pregnancy, and pregnancy-associated stretch marks are medically known as striae gravidarum. Gotu kola. Stretch marks, also called striae, are scars that are associated with the skin being stretched and thinned, which causes the elastic fibers to break. Pregnancy is one of the most well-known factors behind stretch marks, as well as puberty—it’s common knowledge that sudden weight gain is a key reason. During pregnancy or puberty, the hormone levels tend to change as adrenal glands secrete more of glucocorticoids. According to Dr. Akhavan, stretch marks are caused when there's a period of rapid growth in your body (like growth spurts, pregnancy, weight gain, or … The excimer laser stimulates skin color (melanin) production so that stretch marks match the surrounding skin more closely. What Causes Stretch Marks From Working Out? As you age, the tissue and structure of your breasts begin to change. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Learn some of the possible benefits and risks of dry brushing. Striae. They’re common in pregnancy, but anyone can…, Dermarolling, aka microneedling, is the art of erasing unwanted acne scars, wrinkles, and stretch marks. These marks are initially red or purple in color, but gradually fades to off-white or grey with silvery outline of the stretch marks. What Causes Stretch Marks. Causes of Stretch Marks. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. These long grooves or lines in your skin are not harmful to … Causes of Stretch Marks. Lebwohl MG, et al. Combined with body and self-esteem issues, stretch marks can upset women far more than validate their personal progress. This can result from corticosteroid medication use or a disease such as Cushing's syndrome. Maternal physiology. Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. Stretch marks on your back, as with any location, occur once the skin has been stretched too far. When you touch stretch marks with your fingers, you might feel a slight ridge or indentation on your skin. Compared to stretch marks from other causes, those caused by … The exact cause of male stretch marks isn’t known, though it’s thought that they develop when testosterone levels drop during puberty. British Journal of Dermatology. It's the scarring that causes stretch marks to appear. They form in the middle layer of your skin after being stretched too far. The marks are purplish-red at first, turning white and pearly over time. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. What causes stretch marks? And so we strive to eliminate them by any means necessary. HOW STRETCH MARKS DEVELOP. There are; however, causes of stretch marks that are more widely discussed than others – the most popular being pregnancy. Other factors that makes teens predisposed to stretch marks appearing include a genetic risk or family history of stretch marks, pregnancy, being overweight or obese, or taking a cortisol medication. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. As a result, many women develop stretch marks around the belly. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. It is also known as "striae distensae". 2014;40:537. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. Stretch marks are caused by any extreme stretching of the skin. What Causes Stretch Marks? Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. These lines commonly appear during or after pregnancy or after a sudden change in your weight. In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. There are several ways to improve the appearance of stretch marks: Medical procedures and prescription medicines aren’t guaranteed to cure stretch marks, and they can be expensive. Remember that the severity of the stretchmarks may vary depending on the skin type, genetic factors, skin elasticity, and cortisol levels. This is especially common as a result of: Puberty; Pregnancy; Genetics; When specific areas of the body grow more quickly than normal and your skin can’t quite keep up. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. 24th ed. See detailed information below for a list of 14 causes of Stretch marks, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes. When rapid growth or weight gain occurs, especially during teenage years, it is common for stretch marks to appear in boys and girls alike. Extreme stretching can cause purple or red scars due to changes in the connective tissues and collagen fibers within the skin. Causes for Stretch Marks on Stomach Other Than Pregnancy. Hormone imbalances from birth through adulthood. The main cause of a stretch mark appearing on a particular part of the body is mainly due to the skin of that body part being stretched. The cause of having stretch marks comes down to the elasticity of your skin. What causes stretch marks? The hormonal and physiologic changes during pregnancy are unique in the life of women. There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. In: Williams Obstetrics. They can occur in the abdomen, chest, hips and thighs. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The collagen tissue in some children cannot keep the pace with this dramatic growth spurt. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. In pregnant women, the most common areas for stretch marks are the belly, breasts, hips and thighs. they have a tendency to … Bright streaks that fade to a lighter color, Streaks on the abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks or thighs, Having a personal or family history of stretch marks, Being pregnant, especially for younger women, Having Cushing's syndrome, Marfan syndrome or certain other genetic disorders. Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. The result is skin being pulled and stretched causing stretch marks. Pregnancy also causes the skin on the stomach to stretch. Women are far more likely to develop stretch marks, in general. Stretch marks: Introduction. There’s no way to prevent stretch marks completely, even if you regularly use lotions and creams. People with Marfan's syndrome are also prone to developing the scars when young. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. Korgavkar K, et al. Early stretch marks may feel slightly raised and can be itchy. Al-Himdani S, et al. Skin changes and diseases in pregnancy. See how to do it right, to avoid bad side…. Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women. Stretch marks are the number one thing that everyone hopes they don’t get. Ud-Din S, et al. Marfan syndrome can lead to decreased elasticity in … When your skin stretches a hormone is produced called cortisone. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. These are often used to reduce inflammation. Treating Cellulite and Stretch Marks. Sometimes, stretch marks feel itchy or sore. Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. What causes stretch marks? Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . They don’t discriminate. Both men and women can get them. Home Remedies for Stretch Marks: 5 Ingredients to Try, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Dermarolling Is the Prickly Time Machine That’ll Erase Your Scars and Stretch Marks, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, Everything You Need to Know About Cocoa Butter, 10 Moisturizers for Dry Skin: Tips and Ingredients to Look For, The Third Trimester of Pregnancy: Skin Changes, The Second Trimester of Pregnancy: Changes in Skin, Vision, and Gums. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. Incidence and risk factors of striae distensae following breast augmentation surgery: A cohort study. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. 2014;170:527. Stretch marks, also known as Striae or Striae distensae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. 8th ed. 1. Valente DS, et al. Several genetic disorders make it easier for stretch marks to form. Applying a corticosteroid to your skin for a long time can also cause stretch marks. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. New stretch marks are bright red, blue, black or purple. Anetoderma and other atrophic disorders of the skin. However, no treatment can make stretch marks disappear completely. Incidence and risk factors for striae gravidarum. Stretch marks, also known as Striae or Striae distensae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. Pregnancy, puberty, and rapid weight gain can all cause stretch marks. 2015;172:606. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD000066.pub2/abstract.Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive Therapeutic Strategies. They vary depending on how long you've had them, what caused them, where they are on your body, and the type of skin you have. These are the most common causes of stretch marks. Some men and women are prone to develop stretch marks on the abdomen, buttocks and thighs. Drink six to eight glasses of water per day. Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy. they start as flat red lines, and they appear as slightly depressed white streaks over time. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. What causes stretch marks on your back? These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. You can have stretch marks just about anywhere, but they’re most common on your stomach, breasts, upper arms, thighs, and buttocks. Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. Stretch marks are common in certain circumstances: The following put you at greater risk for developing stretch marks: Your doctor can tell if you have stretch marks by simply looking at your skin and reviewing your medical history. The best way is to treat the cause and maintain a healthy weight so that these marks may disappear over time. Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. Stretch marks: The occurrence of lines on the skin caused by prolonged stretching of the skin. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Common causes of stretch marks include weight gain, pregnancy, and bodybuilding as your body changes or grows rapidly. This causes the elastic fibers just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Oral and topical corticosteroids can also cause stretch marks. Major side effects of systemic glucocorticoids. The most common cause of stretch marks is pregnancy, and pregnancy-associated stretch marks are medically known as striae gravidarum. Stretch marks are an undesired skin condition. Stretch marks don't all look alike. These chemicals may have damaged cells in the skin. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. http://www.uptodate.com/home. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Causes Of Stretch Marks In Children. British Journal of Dermatology. Hexsel D, et al. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. These long grooves or lines in your skin are not harmful to … 1. A variety of factors impact their severity, including genetics, stress on the skin and cortisone levels—cortisone is a hormone that weakens elastic fibers within the skin. Stretch marks are formed when the elastic mid layer of the skin known as the dermis gets stretched. All rights reserved. However, keeping your weight in a healthy range by eating well and exercising regularly can help to prevent stretch marks caused by sudden weight gain or loss. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. Their severity is affected by several factors, including your genetic tendency, degree of stress on the skin and cortisone level. They also tend to occur in adolescents who are rapidly growing. No matter the cause, dry, itchy skin is annoying and the…. PLOS One. Other possible causes include: Exposure to chemicals such as pesticides or insecticides during childhood and adolescence. Although it is a very common condition, particularly among women, it is still a skin condition that most would like to avoid. The most common places that stretch marks occur are on the abdomen, thighs and breasts. Scarring causes stretch marks to develop. No one’s first in line to show off their stretch marks. Stretch Marks Causes and Risk Factors Stretch marks happen when your body grows quickly for any reason. Causes and Risk Factors. Stretch marks happen when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … 1. Stretch marks, or striae distensae, are bands of linear scars that occur due to the overextension of the skin. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Cortisone — a hormone produced by the adrenal glands — weakens elastic fibers in the skin. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. International Journal of Cosmetic Science. Teenagers should avoid tanning, which may cause stretch marks to appear discolored against skin that does not have stretch marks. Stretch marks sometimes appear when you rapidly gain or lose weight. 1. What Causes Stretch Marks. Stretch marks can materialize on any fraction of the body—in a woman’s stomach when she is pregnant, in a body builder’s shoulders due to weightlifting—all this is brought about by the skin stretching. All rights reserved. What causes stretch marks? Stretch marks are scars on the skin, which occurs when the collagen fibers and elastin tear during conditions like pregnancy, puberty, quick weight gain or sudden weight loss. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. This content does not have an English version. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. Pulsed dye laser therapy encourages the growth of collagen and elastin. You may notice changes in your skin, vision, and gums. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. Darker-skinned individuals may experience skin discoloration. Natural Medicines. Stretch marks can happen when your skin stretches a lot in a short space of time. Water helps to keep the skin hydrated, which can help to keep stretch marks soft and supple, meaning they are … Let us say you just got pregnant, the elasticity of the skin will be pushed further. While stretch marks are not dangerous, they can create itching or burning sensations, which can cause discomfort. Use of a specific anti-stretch mark cream for preventing or reducing the severity of striae gravidarum. White and red stretch marks are the two distinctive classes of stretch marks. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Stretch marks are often caused by sudden growth or weight gain. Stretch marks are particularly common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. What Bodily Changes Can You Expect During Pregnancy? Stretch marks can occur due to a number of different reasons in both men and women, the most common of which are puberty and rapid weight gain (and pregnancy in women). Breast striae after cosmetic augmentation. Puberty. This continual tugging and stretching can cause stretch marks. Stretch marks aren’t dangerous, and they often disappear over time. They may be red, purple, or silver in appearance. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. Up to 90% of women may be affected by the cracking of the skin during expansion from pregnancy leading to permanent stretch marks. Many women experience stretch marks during pregnancy as the skin stretches in numerous ways to make room for the developing baby. Let us know the reason for stretch … Applying self-tanning lotion to your stretch marks is a temporary way to minimize the difference in color between your normal skin and your stretch marks. Stretch marks in children are produced when the collagen, a type of protein which keeps the skin elastic is not able to cope up with growth of the child. What medical treatments are available for stretch marks? Although stretch marks are more commonly viewed as a women’s issue, as we have mentioned, men are also susceptible to get them. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Pregnancy is one of the most well-known factors behind stretch marks, as well as puberty—it’s common knowledge that sudden weight gain is a key reason. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. Dry skin can happen for a number of reasons, including weather changes or skin conditions. They can also be caused by the overproduction of certain hormones. This causes the elastic fibers just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Stretch marks are a type of scar that forms an indent on the skin. While stretch marks may be relatively common, they tend not to be a cause for celebration. Striae distensae (stretch marks). Stretch marks or striae, are lesions that tend to form in the dermis during periods of hormonal flux, with weight gain or loss, pregnancy, and other periods of hormone change. Stretch marks can materialize on any fraction of the body—in a woman’s stomach when she is pregnant, in a body builder’s shoulders due to weightlifting—all this is brought about by the skin stretching. Dermatologic Clinics. Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Stretching results in a breakdown of the connective tissue, inflammation, and scar formation as the injury begins to heal. Once you give birth, that is when the lines appear. Moisturizing your skin may help to relieve the itchiness of stretch marks. Stretch marks can appear on anyone at any time. Treatment can make stretch marks fade, but it won't completely remove them. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Stretch marks seem as linear streaks on the skin that has been overstretched, and that they run perpendicular to most lines of tension within the skin. This typically happens during phases of rapid physical growth, such as adolescence and pregnancy, when your skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate the growing body. Your doctor can help determine the cause of the stretch marks and discuss treatment options. Stretch marks are stripes that appear on the body during periods of sudden growth or hormonal change. It’s best to use this therapy on newer stretch marks. MacGregor JL, et al. Cortisone is a hormone naturally produced by your adrenal glands. Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. 2015;73:699. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Stretching of the skin during weight gain and loss leads to stretch mark formation. Here’s a look at why and how. 4th ed. It is an unbalance of this hormone that causes stretch marks to appear as your skin loses its elasticity. Pregnancy also causes the skin on the stomach to stretch. While it’s a type of scarring that…, Stretch marks look like indented streaks in your skin.

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