Tree Characteristics. Oleaster, also called Russian olive, or trebizond date (species Elaeagnus angustifolia), small deciduous tree of Eurasia, about 4.5 to 6 m (15 to 20 feet) high. argentea Moench, not Pursh. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Genus: Elaeagnus. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Elaeagnus are a fantastic group of shrubs that often have strong and healthy leaves that have a slivery shine to them; some varieties also have the added interest of variegated leaves. Deciduous shrub/tree, 15-20(40)ft [4.5-6(12) m] rounded outline, young branches silvery, stems sometimes thorny. Killing while it is still small, or even while it is an individual large shrub rather than a dense inaccessible thicket is key. Tolerant of dry soils and salt, it’s perfect for growing in exposed, coastal gardens. Russian olive is a deciduous tree with narrow silver leaves, clustered greenish-yellow fruits, and shaggy bark. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) Plant Guide Subject: Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) is a large, thorny, perennial deciduous tree or small shrub that usually grows 10 to 25 feet tall. If you want to grow the tree form of Elaeagnus, pruning should begin while the shrub is still young. The disease causes wilting and browning of leaves on affected branches. Deciduous - lance-shaped leaves to 10cm (4in) long, dark-green above, silvery beneath.White - silver-white Deciduous tree. Elaeagnus Angustifolia, also known as Oleaster or Russian olive, is an incredibly tough tree which will survive almost any type of growing conditions, and will be especially successful in the most challenging climates in the UK!Whether grown as a specimen plant in a sheltered city garden or as windbreak by the sea, Elaeagnus Angustifolia will come through with flying colours! Clusters of inconspicuous, yet highly fragrant yellow flowers appear in summer. The Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a shrub or small tree, often leaning or twisted and distorted. Make an appointment for a detailed planting recommendation. Elaeagnus angustifolia-- Russian-Olive Page 3 USE AND MANAGEMENT Figure 3. Russian-olive Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus angustifolia L. symbol: ELAN Leaf: Alternate, simple, 1 to 3 inches long, 1/2 inch wide, linear or lanceolate in shape with an entire margin. It is a non-native, invasive species. Elaeagnus angustifolia NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The young branches are silvery while the older branches are brown. orientalis: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Rounded Shape. Although it is a target of restoration efforts, very little is known about vegetation response after removal of this exotic species. Russian olive was brought to the US from southern Europe and western Asia as an ornamental landscaping tree. They are occasionally thorny and covered with scales. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a tough shrub that tolerates adverse conditions such as sandy, dry, alkaline or salty soil and salt spray. Family: Elaeagnaceae: Genus: Elaeagnus (el-ee-AG-nus) Species: orientalis (or-ee-en-TAY-liss) Cultivar: King Red: Synonym: Elaeagnus angustifolia var. Grow… Read more Common name: Russian-olive. But used as Usually, only the branch tip is affected. Foliage The leaves are simple, alternate and lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. Elaeagnus angustifolia was first planted as an ornamental tree and for wildlife cover and sometimes escapes. Elaeagnus angustifolia – Russian olive, Oleaster. Has Deciduous foliage. The bole can be up to 100cm in diameter; the stems are sometimes armed with sharp spines[ Beskrivning. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a usually thorny shrub or small tree growing to 5–7 m (16–23 ft) in height. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Foliage The leaves are simple, alternate and lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. To address this gap we surveyed 25 sites in Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana where E. angustifolia was removed. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a shrub or small tree that can grow to 35 ft. (10 m) tall. The leaves are simple and alternate and the margins are entire (no teeth). Type: Broadleaf. Family: Elaeagnaceae. Or would you like further information about Elaeagnus angustifolia? Call +31(0) 485 31 20 21 or email one of our advisors directly. Bark reddish brown; spines absent or sharp, 0.7-3 cm; young branches and both leaf surfaces silvery white, densely stellate-scaly, or adaxially grayish green or green and nearly without scales (var. Flower: Bell-shaped, 3/8 to 5/8 inch long, very fragrant, lacking petals, silvery or whitish, appearing in spring. Foliage of Russian-Olive. Description. Elaeagnus angustifolia - Russian olive Russian olive is an introduced large shrub to most often a tree to 8 m tall with dark furrowed bark on the main trunk of mature trees. North Dakota tree handbook. This thorny tree transplants well but susceptibility to canker diseases and verticillium wilt make it undesirable for large scale landscape plantings, particularly in the moist, eastern climate. Height: 20 feet. Elaeagnus from Burncoose Nurseries Varieties of Elaeagnus available to buy include the following: ELAEAGNUS angustifolia ,ELAEAGNUS commutata ,ELAEAGNUS x ebbingei ,ELAEAGNUS … Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Category: Shrubs. They are occasionally thorny and covered with scales. Leaves are dull green to almost gray and distinctly scaly above, silvery and scaly below. The young branches are silvery while the older branches are brown. Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) is an introduced tree that has become one of the dominant species in many watersheds in the American West. Trees. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: Yes. High, loosely growing shrub that ultimately grows to become a small, multi-trunked tree. Fertilize infected trees and prune out dead branches. Shrubs or small trees, 3-7(-10) m tall. It has an open crown and often thorny branches. The twigs and undersides of leaves are covered with silvery scales. Width: 20 feet. Elaeagnus angustifolia L.. Synonyms: E. hortensis Bieb.;E. Its stems, buds, and leaves have a dense covering of silvery to rusty scales. It has smooth, dark brown branches that often bear spines and narrow, light green leaves that are silvery on the undersides from a covering of minute scales. Native to southern Europe and western Asia, Elaeagnus angustifolia is commonly found growing along floodplains, riverbanks, stream courses, marshes, and irrigation ditches Seedlings are tolerant of shade and the plant thrives in a variety of soil and moisture conditions, including bare mineral substrates.E. The leaves on infected branches turn brown and persist on the tree. Keywords: Plant Guide, Russian olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia L., small tree… The Elaeagnus angustifolia is a long lived tree (80-100years) which grows rapidly up … The currently accepted name for Russian-olive is Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) [46,51,74,87,93,94,98,107,161,194,197,198]. Elaeagnus is often killed by verticillium wilt in the east in wet areas or poorly drained sites. ... Elaeagnus angustifolia L. var. Pronunciation: e-lee-AG-nus an-gus-ti-FO-li-a. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Silver Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) 'Quicksilver' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Trees may be referred to as male or female. Its native to Europe and western Asia. It grows naturally as a 12- to 15-foot shrub, but you can also grow it as a tree. Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) is a Eurasian tree that has become naturalized and has invaded zones along watercourses in many arid and semiarid regions of the world. Naturally occurring in dry places such as dunes and dry riverbeds. Elaeagnus, while seemingly slow to spread, once established becomes the dominant vegetation and is extremely hard to kill. Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7. Elaeagnus orientalis. It is cultivated and often escapes along riparian corridors in the plains and foothills where it can dominate woodlands and thickets. These habitats are characterized by vertical environmental gradients, thus trees must develop some plasticity to adapt to the wide range of site conditions. elaeagnus angustifolia. Leaves are long and narrow, silvery colored and scurfy. Angular trunk and branches (sometimes thorny) are covered by shredding dark brown bark that is picturesque in winter. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive is native to Europe and Asia and is a riparian tree in the Elaeagnaceae family. According to Vines [ 191 ] and Weber and Wittman [ 197 ], several varieties of Russian-olive are known in cultivation, and differ primarily in leaf size and shape [ 191 ]. It can sometimes grow up to 12 m there. Elaeagnus angustifolia. Family: Elaeagnaceae. Dry mass production was generally lower in U. pumila than in E. angustifolia, but steadily increased throughout the observation period. A deciduous shrub or small tree up to 40 ft high, with occasionally spiny branches; young shoots covered with glistening silvery scales, becoming glabrous and dark the second year. Elaeagnus angustifolia had the highest growth rates in the early stages (2003–2005) but DM production began to stabilize at around 100 Mg ha −1 in 2006. The E. angustifolia is a deciduous tree or large shrub which is commonly called Russian olive since its appearance resembles olive tree with small reddish-brown, elliptic shaped fruits . Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is drought-resistant. To 20 feet high and wide, but can be clipped as medium-height hedge. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a deciduous shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown; it usually grows 3 - 7 metres tall, occasionally to 10 metres. orientalis (L.) Kuntze: Classification. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a shrub or small tree that can grow to 35 ft. (10 m) tall. Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. Elaeagnus angustifolia – Oleaster (southern Europe, central Asia) Habit: Asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 6-8 m tall, 4-6 m wide; crooked stem; branches steeply or vertically upright; the thorny twigs are more spread out, some arching; medium to fast-growing. Elaeagnus Plants. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. Make an appointment for a detailed planting recommendation. These shrubs also have small tubular flowers that are highly scented, making … It is commonly used as a windbreak and wildlife cover and food. Elaeagnus Angustifolia from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: large spiny shrub with fragrant flowers in June and silvery-grey willow-like leaves. Elaeagnus ‘Quicksilver’ is a large, deciduous shrub with silvery, willow-like leaves. Native from Europe to Asia. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck.
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