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gog magog wall

Referred to in the Qur'an in Surah Al-Kahf, Zul-Qarnain was a pious and just king. [6] Viking travellers and colonists were seen at many points in history as violent raiders. [4] They appear in the Quran in chapter Al-Kahf as Yajuj and Majuj (Arabic: يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ; Yaʾjūj wa-Maʾjūj), primitive and immoral tribes that were separated and barriered off by Dhul-Qarnayn (possessor of the Two Horns), who is mentioned in the Quran as a great righteous ruler and conqueror. Badsey, S. Nicolle, D, Turnbull, S (1999). Biden: A Continuation of Obama’s Plan to Spark Gog/Magog War Through Iran. The legend of Gog and Magog and the gates were also interpolated into the Alexander romances. Like Gog and Magog, and Alexander the Great, a great wall in China was well-known about 2200 years ago. "[142], In the Islamic apocalyptic tradition, the end of the world would be preceded by the release of Gog and Magog, whose destruction by God in a single night would usher in the Day of Resurrection. Some scholars cite a tradition on the authority of Abu Huraira as evidence the wall still exists, that the Prophet (ṣ) said: إِنَّ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ لَيَحْفِرُونَ السَّدَّ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ حَتَّى إِذَا كَادُوا يَرَوْنَ شُعَاعَ الشَّمْسِ قَالَ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِمْ ارْجِعُوا فَسَتَحْفِرُونَهُ غَدًا فَيَعُودُونَ إِلَيْهِ كَأَشَدِّ مَا كَانَ حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغَتْ مُدَّتُهُمْ. Gog and Magog (/ˈɡɒɡ ... ˈmeɪɡɒɡ/; Hebrew: .mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}גּוֹג וּמָגוֹג‎; Gōg ū-Māgōg; Arabic: يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ; Yaʾjūj wa-Maʾjūj) appear in the Hebrew Bible and Quran as individuals, tribes, or lands. [5] Dhul-Qarnayn, having journeyed to the ends of the world, meets "a people who scarcely understood a word" who seek his help in building a barrier that will separate them from the people of Yajuj and Majuj who "do great mischief on earth". [55], Various modern scholars of history and geography regarded the Vikings and their descendants as Gog and Magog, since the unknown group from Scandinavia had made their sudden and considerable entry into the history of Europe. Magog was a grandson of Noah, one of the sons of Japheth (Genesis 10:2). However, other scholars interpreted this prediction as an event that has already occurred. An account of Alexander walling off unclean nations exists in the γ recension of the Greek Alexander Romance. "[141] Officials from the Bush Administration claim there is no record of this conversation and that making such references, "doesn't sound at all like Bush. Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best. Gog of Magog and His Allies (Ezekiel 38-39) February 3-6 We come now to a remarkable prophecy, spanning chapters 38 and 39. For this reason, some scholars considered the event mentioned by Dhul al-Qarnayn to be related to the catastrophic invasion of Muslim lands by the Mongols and Tartars, a disaster from which the strength of the Muslim world never fully recovered. وفي وسط هذا الجزء التّاسع هو السّدّ الّذي بناه الإسكندر كما قلناه والصّحيح من خبره في القرآن. So Alexander built a wall to hold out the wicked peoples. [56][57][58][59][60] Researches of professors and philosophers such as Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Syeed Abul Ala Mawdudi, who played important roles in British and South Asian politics, and American academic Abu Ammaar Yasir Qadhi and Caribbean eschatologist Imran N. Hosein, compare the languages, behaviours and sexual activities of the tribes of Gog and Magog with those of Vikings.[61][62][63][64][65]. [110][111] Arab traveler ibn Fadlan also reported of this belief, writing around 921 he recorded that "Some hold the opinion that Gog and Magog are the Khazars". At one point, it was the Turks, who threatened Baghdad and northern Iran;[48] later, when the Mongols destroyed Baghdad in 1258, it was they who were Gog and Magog. [68], The 1st-century Jewish historian Josephus identified the Gog and Magog people as Scythians, horse-riding barbarians from around the Don and the Sea of Azov. [k][86][87], Pseudo-Methodius (7th century[88]) is the first source in the Christian tradition for a new element: two mountains moving together to narrow the corridor, which was then sealed with a gate against Gog and Magog. They consider the chain of authorities for this tradition to be authentic. The Great Wall of China or Gog and Magog wall? "Cnut: England's Viking King 1016–35". In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. An opening has been made today in the barrier Gog and Magog like this. They ask his help because “Yajuj and Majuj are wreaking mischief in the land”. They break for the night saying tomorrow we will finish, and each night God restores it. However, people … [33] The Samaritan Torah and the Septuagint (a Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made during the last few centuries of the pre-Christian era) occasionally introduce the name of Gog where the Hebrew original has something else, or use Magog where the Hebrew has Gog, indicating that the names were interchangeable. Some accounts and maps began to place the "Caspian Mountains", and Gog and Magog, just outside the Great Wall of China. The Tartar Relation, an obscure account of Friar Carpini's 1240s journey to Mongolia, is unique in alleging that these Caspian Mountains in Mongolia, "where the Jews called Gog and Magog by their fellow countrymen are said to have been shut in by Alexander", were moreover purported by the Tartars to be magnetic, causing all iron equipment and weapons to fly off toward the mountains on approach. Worth Press Ltd, 2000, (Shahadat-ul-Qur’an, Ruhani Khazain, Volume 6, Pages 361-362, "Version anglo-normande en vers de l'Apocalypse", "The Commentary of Rashi on Isaiah and the Jewish-Christian Debate", "Iskandar Oversees the Building of the Wall", "Story of Ya'juj and Ma'juj (Gog and Magog) form The Quran - Link To Islam", "From Alexander to Marco Polo, from Text to Image: The Marvels of India", "Take the World by Prose: Modes of Possession in the, "Text, Image and Contradiction in the Devisement du monde", "It's Impossible to Count the Things Wrong With the Negligent, Spurious, Distorted New Biography of George W. Bush", "The Gog and Magog Tradition in Revelation 20:8", "Typological Problems in Medieval Alexander Literature: The Enclosure of Gog and Magog", "A Christian Legend concerning Alexander", "Observations and Beliefs: The World of the Catalan Atlas", "Ch. [22] The confederation thus represents a multinational alliance surrounding Israel. [6] In modern times they remain associated with apocalyptic thinking, especially in Israel and the Muslim world. The name Magog is equally obscure, but may come from the Assyrian mat-Gugu, "Land of Gyges", i.e., Lydia. [46] They scratch at their wall each day until they almost break through. [115], In fact, Gog and Magog were held by the Mongol to be their ancestors, at least by some segment of the population. Lund, Niels "The Danish Empire and the End of the Viking Age", in Sawyer. Indeed, there is evidence from the Sunnah that the wall was already beginning to crumble in the time of the Prophet (ṣ). Gog and Magog, he says, live near to the sea that encircles the Earth and can be counted only by God; they are only half the height of a normal man, with claws instead of nails and a hairy tail and huge hairy ears which they use as mattress and cover for sleeping. Al-Kafi, one of their primary collections of ahadith, states that it has been narrated from Ibn Abbas that when he asked Ali about the "creatures", he responded by saying God has created "1,200 species on the land, 1,200 species in the sea, 70 species from the Children of Adam and the people are the Children of Adam except for the Yajooj and Majooj". Note the change in loyalties. Their trial will cause much harm to the people of the earth. If Gog and Magog are still behind the wall mentioned in the Quran, where are they today and where is their wall? pointed out that a hole was already struck or made by the people of Gog Magog during the later Medinian life of Prophet Saws itself , so it could be possible within a matter of few centuries from there ( 622 to 632 AD ) the wall of Gog Magog has been pierced totally and its pure Iron and copper has already been looted extracted as we see the Tubal tribes of Georgia and the near by tribes around the Ural, … [103] This is a case of imperfect transmission, since the prose Alexander's source, the Latin work by Archpriest Leo of Naples known as Historia de Preliis, does mention "Gogh et Macgogh", at least in some manuscripts. Hazrat Zulqarnian (A.S) traveled from East to West and North to South. [5] Many contemporary Muslim historians and geographers regarded the Vikings as the emergence of Gog and Magog. The Septuagint reads "Agag" instead of "Gog" in Numbers 24:7. "The Timechart of Military History". [t][28], Early Christian writers (e.g. Every man’s sword will be against his brother. [134] But as the century progressed, apocalyptic expectations receded as the populace in Europe began to adopt an increasingly secular worldview. [a][8][9][10], The form "Gog and Magog" may have emerged as shorthand for "Gog and/of the land of Magog", based on their usage in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. [o][94], Gog and Magog appear in somewhat later Old French versions of the romance. Shall we pay you tribute if you build a barrier between us?’ He said, ‘What my Lord has established for me is better, but help me with labor. There, he met a people who were threatened by Gog and Magog (Yajuj and Majuj). [116][117][118] Marco Polo, traveling when the initial terror had subsided, places Gog and Magog among the Tartars in Tenduc, but then claims that the names Gog and Magog are translations of the place-names Ung and Mungul, inhabited by the Ung and Mongols respectively. "[20], Internal evidence indicates that the Gog oracle was composed substantially later than the chapters around it. The Ethiopic version derives from the lost Arabic version (, The first invasion, prophesied to occur 826 years after Alexander predicted, has been worked out to fall on 1 October 514; the second invasion on A.D. 629 (. [116][125][126] As noted, Riccoldo had reported a Mongol folk-tradition that they were descended from Gog and Magog. [19], "Son of man, direct your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince, leader of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy concerning him. As Ka’b al-Ahbar was an authority on the Israelite traditions (isra’iliyyat), it is possible that it originated from his study of Jewish and Christian scriptures, and it was later accidentally attributed to the Prophet (ṣ). [e][21] Of Gog's allies, Meshech and Tubal were 7th-century BC kingdoms in central Anatolia north of Israel, Persia towards east, Cush (Ethiopia) and Put (Libya) to the south; Gomer is the Cimmerians, a nomadic people north of the Black Sea, and Beth Togarmah was on the border of Tubal. [17], The Book of Ezekiel records a series of visions received by the prophet Ezekiel, a priest of Solomon's Temple, who was among the captive during the Babylonian exile. There is no doubt that Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are two huge nations of the sons of Adam. [52] Somewhat later the 14th-century traveller Ibn Battuta reported that the wall was sixty days' travel from the city of Zeitun, which is on the coast of China; the translator notes that Ibn Battuta has confused the Great Wall of China with that built by Dhul-Qarnayn. They are arranged as follows: Ezekiel 38:1-13 – The Lord’s anger with Gog and his armies for their attack on Israel during the Millennium. [136] During the Cold War the idea that Soviet Russia had the role of Gog gained popularity, since Ezekiel's words describing him as "prince of Meshek"—rosh meshek in Hebrew—sounded suspiciously like Russia and Moscow. The 3rd book of the Sibylline Oracles, for example, which originated in Egyptian Judaism in the middle of the 2nd century BC,[29] changes Ezekiel's "Gog from Magog" to "Gog and Magog", links their fate with up to eleven other nations, and places them "in the midst of Aethiopian rivers"; this seems a strange location, but ancient geography did sometimes place Ethiopia next to Persia or even India. The Quran also describes the righteous ruler Dhul al-Qarnayn as building a wall to prevent them from emerging. Zaynab bint Jahsh reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, came to visit me one day while he was frightened and he said: لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَيْلٌ لِلْعَرَبِ مِنْ شَرٍّ قَدْ اقْتَرَبَ فُتِحَ الْيَوْمَ مِنْ رَدْمِ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ مِثْلُ هَذِهِ. [51] It is not entirely clear what Sallam saw, but he may have reached the Jade Gate and the westernmost customs point on the border of China. 59: Concerning the Province of Tenduc, and the Descendants of Prester John", ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), Safety of high-energy particle collision experiments, Existential risk from artificial intelligence, Self-Indication Assumption Doomsday argument rebuttal, Self-referencing doomsday argument rebuttal, List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events, List of apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gog_and_Magog&oldid=990750311, Articles about multiple people in the Quran, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). Then Gog and Magog … Source: Aḥādīth Mu’allah Ẓāhiruhā al-Ṣiḥḥah 1/427. They are the counterparts of Gog and Magog in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian New Testament. Verily, Gog and Magog are digging at the wall every day until they almost see the rays of the sun. All Reubenites are held to be descendants of Reuben in the view of the Torah, but it is unclear what family relationship Gog's father Joel has with the sons of Reuben in verse 3. [18] Even some Russians took up the idea, apparently unconcerned by the implications ("Ancestors were found in the Bible, and that was enough"), as did Ronald Reagan. According to the Greek version, Gog and Magog served the Belsyrians, whom Alexander fought them, "Tus" in Iran, near the Caspian south shore, known as, The idea that Gog and Magog were connected with the Goths was longstanding; in the mid-16th century, Archbishop of Uppsala, Riccoldo observed that the Mongol script resembled Chaldean (. The legend of Gog and Magog and the gates was also interpolated into the Alexander romances. Yet he warned that Allah would remove the wall in the end times. [104], The Gog and Magog are not only human flesh-eaters, but illustrated as men "a notably beaked nose" in examples such as the "Henry of Mainz map", an important example of mappa mundi. There is no God but Allah! [2] The process, and the shifting geography of Gog and Magog, can be traced through the literature of the period. [85] The legend claims that Alexander carved prophecies on the face of the Gate, marking a date for when these Huns, consisting of 24 nations, will breach the Gate and subjugate the greater part of the world. [1], In Genesis 10 Magog is a person, son of Japheth son of Noah, but no Gog is mentioned. Magog is described in Genesis 10:2 and 1 Chronicles 1:5 as a grandson of Noah. Wall of Yagog Magog The wall is the famous wall of Derbent. [99], Gog and Magog also appear in Thomas de Kent's Roman de toute chevalerie (c. 1180), where they are portrayed as cave-dwellers who consume human flesh. [115], Some time around the 12th century, the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel came to be identified with Gog and Magog;[122] possibly the first to do so was Petrus Comestor in Historica Scholastica (c. 1169–1173),[123][124] and he was indeed a far greater influence than others before him, although the idea had been anticipated by the aforementioned Christian of Stavelot, who noted that the Khazhars, to be identified with Gog and Magog, was one of seven tribes of the Hungarians and had converted to Judaism. In the Quran Yajuj and Majuj (Gog and Magog) are suppressed by Dhul-Qarnayn "the two-horned one", a figure derived from Alexander the Great or Cyrus the Great. Some people interpret Dhul al-Qarnayn’s prediction of the wall collapsing as the emergence of Gog and Magog near the end of time. In one version, "Goth and Magoth" are kings of the Unclean Nations, driven beyond a mountain pass by Alexander, and blocked from returning by his new wall. Eusebius) frequently identified Gog and Magog with the Romans and their emperor. A millennium later, a story existed, with learned support, that Alexander the Great built a wall in China to protect civilization from Gog and Magog. This idea is also in the Quran (609–632 CE[89][90]), and found its way in the Western Alexander Romance. [f][26] Still, the Utopia of chapters 40–48 can be spoken of in the parlance of "true eschatological character, given that it is a product of "cosmic conflict" described in the immediately preceding Gog chapters.[27]. This indicates that the Gog and Magog wall might be covered with dirt, snow or sand. 24–25, Bruno Dumézil, master of Conference at Paris X–Nanterre, Normalien, aggregated history, author of conversion and freedom in the barbarian kingdoms. Woe to the Arabs from an evil drawing near! [50] Sallam returned a little over two years later and reported that he had seen the wall and also the tower where Dhul Qarnayn had left his building equipment, and all was still intact. In the hands of Early Christian writers they became apocalyptic hordes, and throughout the Medieval period variously identified as the Vikings, Huns, Khazars, Mongols, Turanians or other nomads, or even the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. [94] They were allied to Belsyrians (Bebrykes,[95] of Bithynia in modern-day North Turkey), and sealed beyond the "Breasts of the North", a pair of mountains fifty days' march away towards the north. Romanized Jewish historian Josephus knew them as the nation descended from Magog the Japhetite, as in Genesis, and explained them to be the Scythians. [42], Two chapters Al Kahf and Al-Anbiya of the Quran discuss Gog and Magog. One of the signs of the Hour to occur near the end of time is the emergence of two powerful nations known as Gog and Magog (Ya’juj wa Ma’juj). [z][127] Confined Jews were later to be referred to as "Red Jews" (die roten Juden) in German-speaking areas; a term first used in a Holy Grail epic dating to the 1270s, in which Gog and Magog were two mountains enclosing these people. Twentieth-century scholars have used the term to denote the eschaton in a malleable sense, not necessarily meaning final days, or tied to the Apocalypse. [135] This has not been the case in the United States, where a 2002 poll indicated that 59% of Americans believed the events predicted in the Book of Revelation would come to pass. The chief interest inthem centers about two points: (1) the wall built by Dhu al-Ḳarnain (Alexander the Great) to shut them off from the rest of the world, and (2) their reappearance as a sign of the last day. They return to it even stronger than before until their term arrives. Its chain is very good and strong, but there is a defect in its content because the verse apparently necessitates that they did not have power to overcome its elevation, nor penetrate it, due to the perfection of its foundation, firmness, and strength. [66], Historian and exegete Ibn Kathir mentioned similar theories in his book Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya. [54] This is in contradiction with many reports in Sunni sources, including those in Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, which indicate they will indeed, be from the Children of Adam, and this is the belief of the overwhelming majority of Islamic scholars.

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