Yamato or Musashi under air Attack. Reconstruction of Yamato as she appeared during her Final Sortie in April 1945: This site is a member of WebRing. Historian Anthony Tully, (co-author of "Shattered Sword - The Untold Story of The Battle of Midway"), Forum: 3 indispensable books for any Yamato enthusiast: Janusz Skulski-The Battleship Yamato-Anatomy of a Ship, Russell Spurr-A Glorious Way to Die - The Kamikaze Mission of the Battleship Yamato, Yoshida Mitsuru-Requiem for Battleship Yamato (An incredible survivor's account of the battle.). , On 12 February 1942, Yamato became the flagship of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's Combined Fleet. Yamato at Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944, Yamato Bombed in the Inland Sea, March 1945. On 25 November, Captain Aruga Kōsaku was named Yamato's commander.. After withdrawing from the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited the size and power of capital ships, the Imperial Japanese Navy began their design of the new Yamato class of heavy battleships. First missions were carried out to cover the beachhead and to support the US Marine Corps field units.  By 14:20, the power went out and her remaining 25 mm anti-aircraft guns began to drop into the sea. 1:200 YAMATO MODEL YAMATO SHIRTS, POSTERS, MUGS, CAPS NOW AVAILABLE AT THE YAMATO ZAZZLE STORE: Archive photos are from the USA National Archives & the USN, & are in the Public Domain. In a coordinated strike, dive bombers flew high overhead to begin their runs while torpedo bombers approached from all directions at just above sea level. CHANDLER – The USS Gambier Bay went down in history as the only American aircraft carrier to be sunk by gunfire during World War II.  Yamato was launched on 8 August 1940, with Captain (later Vice-Admiral) Miyazato Shutoku in command. Three hits, close together on the port side, are confirmed: one struck a fireroom that had been hit earlier, one impacted a different fireroom, and the third hit the hull adjacent to a previously damaged outboard engine room, increasing the water that had already been flowing into that space and possibly causing flooding in nearby locations. Left behind was only a slow escort carrier task force armed against ground forces with no hope of protecting vulnerable troop transports from the Yamato. )Reconstruction of Yamato as she appeared during her Final Sortie in April 1945:  The centrepiece of the museum, occupying a large section of the first floor, is a 26.3-metre long model of Yamato (1:10 scale). Meanwhile, the aeroplanes from VC-76 supported other squadrons of theTaffy 1 in attacks on Japanese ships. By this time, Yamato's speed had dropped to 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) and her list was steadily increasing.  Although armed only with torpedoes and 5 inch guns and under attack by large caliber cannons, the light American surface combatants, supported by FM-2 Wildcats and TBM Avengers from Taffy 3's escort carriers, attacked so ferociously that Kurita believed his ships were engaging a full American task force of fleet carriers. FLETCHER CLASS DESTROYERS. During the invasion of the Philipines in October 1944, USS Gambier Bay was a part of Taffy 3 task unit consisting of 6 escort carriers. Taffy 3's escort carriers on the move, chased by Japanese shells. , Yamato and Musashi anchored in the waters off of the Truk Islands in 1943, Yamato escorted Transport Operation BO-1 from Truk to Yokosuka during 12–17 December. Garzke, William H.; Dulin, Robert O. The class design was not finalized until 1937. The Japanese cruiser Chikuma closed to within 2,000 yards and pumped 8-inch shells into Gambier Bay’s thin hull. , On 11 February 1943, Yamato was replaced by her sister ship Musashi as flagship of the Combined Fleet. These resulted in the removal of almost every flammable item from the battleship, including linoleum, bedding, and mattresses. , Yamato's keel was laid down at the Kure Naval Arsenal, Hiroshima, on 4 November 1937, in a dockyard that had to be adapted to accommodate her enormous hull. After shakedown out of San Diego, the escort carrier sailed on 7 February 1944 with 400 troops embarked for Pearl Harbor, thence to rendezvous off the Marshalls, guarded by the destroyer Norman Scott, where she flew 84 replacement planes to the fleet carrier Enterprise.  Subsequently, because of their extensive storage capacity and thick armor protection, Yamato and Musashi were pressed into service as transport vessels.  Shortly afterward up to three more torpedoes struck Yamato. Yoshida and Minear (1985), p. xvii; Evans and Peattie (1997), p. 378. Trending at $121.08. 6 August 2006.  In preparation for the mission, Yamato had taken on a full stock of ammunition on 29 March. Yamato's main guns were loaded with Beehive shells fused to explode one second after firing—a mere 1,000 m (3,300 ft) from the ship—but this had little effect. INDEX PAGE LINKS ARE LOCATED ABOVE THE INDEX PHOTOS ON LEFT. Feifer, George (2001). The repair ship Akashi effected temporary repairs on the battleship, and Yamato departed on 10 January for Kure.. Two impacts—on the port side near the engine room and on one of the boiler rooms—are confirmed; the third is disputed but is regarded by Garzke and Dulin as probable because it would explain the reported flooding in Yamato's auxiliary steering room. Next. Three exploded on the port side, increasing water intake into the port inner engine room and flooding yet another fireroom and the steering gear room. The Casablanca-class escort carrier, USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73), was commissioned on December 28, 1943, at Kaisier Shipbuilding Company, Vancouver, Washington.Departing for the Pacific, she supported the landings at Saipan, Peleliu and Angaur, and the Philippines in the summer and fall of 1944.Assigned to Rear Admiral Clifton A.F. On 16 August, Yamato began her return to Truk, where she joined a large task force formed in response to American raids on the Tarawa and Makin atolls. Admiral Raymond Spruance ordered six battleships already engaged in shore bombardment in the sector to prepare for surface action against Yamato. Surface ships catching an aircraft carrier had happened only once before, when German battleships sank HMS Glorious off Norway in 1940.  When the class was finally laid down, a great effort was made in Japan to ensure that the ships were built in extreme secrecy to prevent American intelligence officials from learning of their existence and specifications.  Drawing on US wartime records, an expedition to the South China Sea in 1982 produced some results, but the wreckage discovered could not be clearly identified. The Japanese battleship Yamato under attack during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, 26 October 1944 [2729 x 2264] ... USS GAMBIER BAY (CVE-73) bracketed by Japanese shells. The USS GAMBIER BAY (CVE-73), a small escort carrier of WWII, was sunk in a dramatic battle by a tremendously powerful Japanese force intent on attacking the under protected landing craft at Leyte Gulf, in the Philippines. Yamato was not hit for four minutes, but at 12:41 two bombs obliterated two of her triple 25 mm anti-aircraft mounts and blew a hole in the deck.  Shelters were also added on the upper deck for the increased AA crews. The USS Gambier Bay was one of 50 Casablanca-class escort carriers built in World War II, and one of five in the class that were lost when it was sunk by the Imperial Japanese Navy in the battle off Samar during the Battle of Leyte Gulf in October 1944. Yamato (大和?  Japan withdrew from the League of Nations in 1934, renouncing its treaty obligations. Gambier Bay managed to outmaneuver everything the Japanese fired at her for about 30 minutes. These orders were countermanded in favor of strikes from Admiral Marc Mitscher's aircraft carriers, but as a contingency the battleships together with seven cruisers and twenty one destroyers were sent to interdict the Japanese force before it could reach the vulnerable transports and landing craft.  She then moved on to Malaysia to join Vice-Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa's Mobile Fleet at Lingga; this force arrived at Tawi Tawi on 14 May. Flammable paints received a new silicon based overcoat, and additional portable pumps and fire fighting apparatus were installed.  While en route to Leyte the force was attacked in Palawan Passage on 23 October by the submarines USS Darter and Dace, which sank two Takao-class heavy cruisers including Kurita's flagship, Atago, and damaged a third.  When refitted in 1944 and 1945 for naval engagements in the South Pacific, the secondary battery configuration was changed to six 155 mm guns and twenty four 127 mm guns, and the number of 25 mm anti-aircraft guns was increased to 162. She and her sister ship, Musashi, were the heaviest and most powerfully armed battleships ever constructed, displacing 72,800 tonnes at full load and armed with nine 46 cm (18.1 inch) main guns. After Yamato confirmed primary battery hits on the escort carrier USS Gambier Bay, a spread of torpedoes heading for Yamato was spotted; the battleship was forced to steer away from the fighting to avoid them and was unable to rejoin the battle. , The third and most damaging attack developed at about 13:40. Each gun was 21.13 metres (69.3 ft) long, weighed 147.3 tonnes (162.4 short tons), and was capable of firing high explosive or armor piercing shells 42 kilometres (26 mi).  The Imperial Japanese Navy's response was to organise a mission codenamed Operation Ten-Go that would see the commitment of much of Japan's remaining surface strength. USS Gambier Bay (CVE 73) Crew List. Model by Gary Scribner.  The resulting mushroom cloud—over 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) high—was seen 160 kilometres (99 mi) away on Kyūshū. During the 1930s the Japanese government adopted an ultranationalist militancy with a view to greatly expand the Japanese Empire. , Decades after the war, Yamato was memorialised in various forms by the Japanese. Casablanca class carriers were one third of … During the 1930s the Japanese government adopted an ultranationalist militancy with a view to greatly expand the Japanese Empire. , During October or November 1941 Yamato underwent sea trials, reaching her maximum possible speed of 27.4 knots (50.7 km/h; 31.5 mph).  In the initial stages of this battle, Yamato engaged enemy surface targets for the only time in her career, hitting several American ships. She returned to San Diego via Pearl Harbor, ferrying aircraft for repairs and qualified carrier pilots off the coast of Southern California. This photo appears to show the actual salvo that flooded the carrier's forward engine room and ultimately sent her to the bottom. Counterflooding all of the remaining starboard void spaces lessened this to 10°, but further correction would have required either repairs or flooding the starboard engine and fire rooms.  Although 16 warships were hit, Yamato sustained only minor damage from a number of near misses and from one bomb that struck her bridge. Three more heavy cruisers and one light cruiser were subsequently lost.  She left the dry dock on 18 March and went through several trials beginning on 11 April. In addition, 8 triple and 26 single 25mm AA mounts were added at this time, increasing the total number of 127 mm and 25 mm anti-aircraft guns to 24 and 162, respectively. Between 22 and 25 October 1944, as part of Admiral Takeo Kurita's Centre Force (also known as Force A or First Striking Force), Yamato took part in one of the largest naval engagements in history—the Battle of Leyte Gulf. , Unfortunately for the Japanese, the Allies had intercepted and decoded their radio transmissions, learning the particulars of Operation Ten-Go. There may have been two more torpedo and bomb hits, but this is not confirmed. To browse visit  The mission was cancelled when word reached Ozawa's headquarters of American carrier attacks on the Mariana Islands. KING -- State Journal 106, 110–111, 121–122. Yamato is known to have fired at enemy ships on only one occasion.  A second CVE was lost by kamikaze attack after the surface engagement.  On 21 November, while transiting the East China Sea in a withdrawal to Kure Naval Base, Yamato's battle group was attacked by the submarine USS Sealion. The first Allied aircraft made contact with the Surface Special Attack Force at 08:23; two flying boats arrived soon thereafter, and for the next five hours, Yamato fired Common Type 3 or Beehive (3 Shiki tsûjôdan) shells at the Allied seaplanes, but could not prevent them from shadowing the force.  The same day, under Captain (later Vice-Admiral) Gihachi Takayanagi, she joined fellow battleships Nagato and Mutsu in the 1st Battleship Division. $69.26. Yamato is seen in the background of American photographs taken during the attack on "Taffy 3". Willmott (2000), p. 35. ", The Battle Off Samar – Taffy III at Leyte Gulf website, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Japanese_battleship_Yamato?oldid=5185390, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 7,200 nmi (13,334 km; 8,286 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), 12 Kampon boilers, driving four steam turbines. Model by Jack Bitters. [N 6], At about 12:30, 280 bomber and torpedo bomber aircraft arrived over the Japanese force.  This reassignment was brief; the 1st Battleship Division was deactivated once again on 10 February and Yamato was allotted to the 1st Carrier Division. The ceremony was more austere than usual; the Japanese were still intent on concealing the ship's characteristics. Little did he know that 10 months later he would be involved in the tragic sinking of the ship he was aboard, the USS Gambier Bay, and he himself would survive 42 … , As the final step before their planned invasion of the Japanese mainland, Allied forces invaded Okinawa on 1 April. (1985). A salvo from Yamato straddles and strikes Gambier Bay.  During this time, armor plate sloped at 45° was fitted in the area of damage to her hull. During the course of the day, American carrier aircraft sortied a total of 259 times. Historically, the word "Yamato" was used as a poetic name for Japan; thus, her name became a metaphor for the end of the Japanese empire. These caused a great deal of damage to the turret and its magazines; only one man survived.  After Yamato confirmed primary battery hits on the escort carrier USS Gambier Bay, a spread of torpedoes heading for Yamato were spotted; the battleship was forced to steer away from the fighting to avoid them and was unable to rejoin the battle.  She sortied in late September with Nagato, three carriers, and smaller warships to intercept US Task Force 15, and again a month later with six battleships, three carriers, and eleven cruisers. 08/2008) major update - 08/2019 with dozens of new high res photos! Yamato in action off Samar Island during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 1944.  After withdrawing from the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited the size and power of capital ships, the Imperial Japanese Navy began their design of the new Yamato class of heavy battleships.  US codebreakers were aware of Yamamoto's intentions and the Battle of Midway proved disastrous for Japan's carrier force, with four fleet carriers and 332 aircraft destroyed. Her guns helped sink the Escort Carrier USS Gambier Bay but was forced away from the action by torpedo attacks from the valiant destroyers of Taffy-3. Authors Garzke and Dulin speculate that the likely outcome of a battle between the two forces would have been a victory for the Allies, but at a serious cost due to the large margin of superiority, The poor quality of the Japanese naval radar during World War II meant that only large groups of planes could be detected. Yamato emerged from the battle without serious damage; only three near misses from bombs and seventeen casualties from strafing were suffered during the battle itself, while carrier strikes during the retreat caused light damage to the ship and injured or killed 21 crewmen. , Because of the often confused circumstances and incomplete information regarding their sinkings, few wrecks of Japanese capital ships have been discovered and identified. Battle of Leyte Gulf (October 23–26, 1944), decisive air and sea battle of World War II that crippled the Japanese Combined Fleet, permitted U.S. invasion of the Philippines, and reinforced the Allies’ control of the Pacific.  The Japanese lost three aircraft carriers and 426 aircraft; Yamato's only significant contribution was mistakenly opening fire on returning Japanese aircraft.  On 5 June, Yamamoto ordered the remaining ships to return to Japan, so Yamato withdrew with the main battleship force to Hashirajima before making her way back to Kure. Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II shipwrecks in the East China Sea, http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-fornv/japan/japsh-xz/yamato-k.htm, "Located/Surveyed Shipwrecks of the Imperial Japanese Navy", http://www.combinedfleet.com/atully08.htm, http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=FP0tAAAAIBAJ&sjid=f6cFAAAAIBAJ&pg=6363%2C2384338, http://www.yamato-museum.com/en/concept/policy.html, http://yamato.kure-city.jp/english/eng.indd.pdf, http://www.yamato-museum.com/concept/pdf/ref09_3_eng.pdf, http://www.tamiya.com/japan/products/8966x_yamato/index.htm, "「One piece」が爆発的ヒット、「男たちの大和」「相棒」を超えた背景とは…", http://www.hollywood-ch.com/news/09121302.html, http://books.google.com/books?id=q-R_Zk5hFgkC&pg=PA68, "When Pacifist Japan Fights: Historicizing Desires in Anime", http://books.google.com/books?id=tSFnDppi-oMC&pg=PA104, A Glorious Way to Die: The Kamikaze Mission of the Battleship Yamato, April 1945, http://books.google.com/books?id=n-20LVwKfTMC, Joseph Czarnecki, "What did the USN know about Yamato and when? The crew of the main plot device, a nuclear-powered super submarine, mutinied and renamed their vessel Yamato, in allusion to the World War II battleship and the ideals she symbolises. 08/2008) MAJOR UPDATE - 08/2019 WITH DOZENS OF NEW HIGH RES PHOTOS! Hasegawa’s new 1/350 scale USS Gambier Bay is cleanly molded in gray and clear plastic; parts are free of flash, and the detail is excellent. By this time though, the entire Japanese navy was inferior in numbers and experience to the U.S. Pacific Fleet. The painting hangs in the shop at Ring Brothers, a car restoration company in Spring Green owned by two of his sons. Smaller detachments were usually picked up via line of sight, This account is based on Garzke and Dulin's.  Leaving Japan on 8 July, Yamato—accompanied by the battleships Musashi, Kongō, Nagato, and eleven cruisers and destroyers—sailed south. Further confirmation of Japanese intentions came around 20:00 when the Surface Special Attack Force, navigating the Bungo Strait, was spotted by the American submarines Threadfin and Hackleback. This was at the Battle off Samar in October 1944 against the U.S. Taffy 1 and Taffy 3 escort carrier groups, with rounds possibly hitting USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73). The battleship is on fire and visibly listing to port. Garzke/Dulin and Whitley's books do not give specific dates, and disagree on the month; the former gives October, and the latter gives November.  As part of the secrecy, the Japanese referred to their armament as 40 cm guns.  On 25 December, while ferrying troops and equipment—which were wanted as reinforcements for the garrisons at Kavieng and the Admiralty Islands—from Yokosuka to Truk, Yamato and her task group were intercepted by the American submarine Skate about 180 miles (290 km) out at sea. Yamato is known to have fired at enemy ships on only one occasion. It was not until the end of the war that her true displacement and the caliber of her weaponry were known. [N 9] The few survivors were recovered by the four surviving destroyers, which withdrew to Japan. The USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73) is bracketed by heavy-caliber shells from Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's Center Force "A" during the Battle off Samar, 25 October, 1944. By this stage of the war, Japan's tanker fleet had been much reduced by marauding American submarines, so major fleet units were stationed in the East Indies to be near the source of their fuel supply. In place of the latter, men slept on planks which could be used to repair damage. The battleships represented the epitome of Imperial Japanese naval engineering, and because of their size, speed, and power, visibly embodied Japan's determination and readiness to defend its interests against the Western Powers and the United States in particular. , From the first attack at 12:37 to the explosion at 14:23, Yamato was hit by at least eleven torpedoes and six bombs. Please look at the scan and make your own judgement. Fires were raging out of control in some sections of the ship and alarms had begun to sound on the bridge warning of critical temperatures in the forward main battery magazines. 16 September, 2019. Yamato saw action in the surface engagement on October 25th against the Escort Carriers and Destroyers of Taffy-3 during the Battle off Samar. The Surface Special Attack Force increased speed to 24 knots (28 mph; 44 km/h), and following standard Japanese anti-aircraft defensive measures, the destroyers began circling Yamato. See and discover other items: model boat kits to build Yamato on 24 October 1944 during the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea; she has just been hit by a bomb. Asashimo, which had earlier fallen out of formation due to engine trouble, was caught and sunk by a detachment of aircraft from the San Jacinto. The Japanese were unaware that Admiral Halsey's entire massive fast carrier task force with battleships had been successfully lured away by a feint. Many near misses drove in her outer plating, partially compromising her defense against torpedoes. Both reported Yamato's position to the main American carrier strike force, but neither could attack because of the speed of the Japanese ships—22 knots (25 mph; 41 km/h)—and their extreme zigzagging. In April 1945, in a desperate attempt to slow the Allied advance, Yamato was dispatched on a one way voyage to Okinawa, where it was intended that she should protect the island from invasion and fight until destroyed. The battle marked the first significant use of kamikaze aircraft in combat. , Yamato near the end of her fitting out, 20 September 1941, Yamato's main battery consisted of nine 46 cm (18.1 in) 45 Caliber Type 94 naval guns—the largest caliber of naval artillery ever fitted to a warship, although the shells were not as heavy as those fired by the British 18-inch naval guns of World War I.  The dock was deepened by one meter, and gantry cranes capable of lifting up to 350 tonnes were installed.  Each of the two beam-mounted 6.1 inch (155-mm) triple turrets was removed and replaced by three pairs of 5-inch (127-mm) AA guns in double mounts. Later that day, USS Petrof Bay had to outmanoeuvre two torpedoes launched by the I-56.  According to the Japanese plan, the ships were supposed to take aboard only enough fuel for a one way voyage to Okinawa, but additional fuel amounting to 60 percent of capacity was issued on the authority of local base commanders. This site is a member of WebRing. It had been proposed that 5,000 long tons (5,100 t) of steel be used to bolster the ship's defense against flooding from torpedo hits outside the armored citadel, but this was rejected out of hand because the additional weight would have increased Yamato's displacement and draft by too much. [N 2] After 11 days at sea, she was sighted by the American submarine USS Flying Fish, which fired four torpedoes, which missed; Yamato arrived safely at Truk later that day. Captain Walter V. R. Vieweg, commanding officer (CO) of the USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73), was living a carrier nightmare: During daylight, his ship was caught by a vastly superior surface force with no chance to escape the faster enemy. The USS Johnston-Hoel Association, the USS Gambier Bay / VC-10 Association and other Taffy 3 ship reunion groups have been hosting reunions for survivors and their families for years. 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