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types of juniper

... Another blue carpet juniper is Blue Pacific, which, as a cultivar of Juniperus conferta is a slightly more tender selection than those noted thus far, performing best in zones 6-9. Also known as Cedar Juniper, Utah Juniper is an evergreen, bushy species. Drooping juniper gets its name because of the way that the branchlets droop down. Juniperus procumbens “Nana” is a compact plant that can grow up to 1 to 2 feet in height and width. By Website Editor August 19, 2020. Photo by: Salvador De Los Reyes. The bark is gray-brown, shedding in narrow vertical strips that expose reddish wood underneath. Juniper is ideally planted in fall to ensure root growth and thus proper settling in in spring. This is not a species to plant in mass within dense residential areas where there is an ongoing danger of wildfires. Adult needles are short and convex-shaped while juvenile ones are awl-like in shape. This moisture-hungry tree can accept a wide range of soil textures; however, most of its kinds are found on gravelly loams or gravelly clay loams with a Ph level of 7.4 to 8.0. The reason why this juniper species is called creeping juniper is that it creeps into parts of plant borders. As the name suggests, this juniper shrub is commonly found throughout much of the world. As juveniles, these upright trees have needle-like leaves that become flattened scales in the mature plants. As its name suggests, it is very tolerant of salty conditions. Its dense canopy serves as the best shelter for all types of birds. Overall, mature Utah juniper grows up to 30 feet tall and is able to live up to 650 years! The plants are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Types of Juniper Bonsai. According to the Science of Dendrochronology or tree-ring dating, alligator juniper trees have a slow growth rate. The needles are blue-green to gray-green. The oil produced from redceder is used to kill moths that feed on wool. In the manufacturing industry, juniper oil helps add fragrance in soaps, perfumes, bath oils, bubble bath products, hair conditioners, shampoos, and cosmetics (lipsticks, foundation eye shadow, etc). In gardens, it is often treated as a shrub. As the tree reaches the age of 170, the growth rate slows down to 0.4 inches. 10 Types of Junipers that Everyone Should Know. There are many subspecies or varieties of the common juniper ( Juniperous communis).Common juniper is a low shrub that generally grows no more than 3 to 4 feet high but can grow into a 30-foot tree. Scientifically known as Juniperus scopulorum sarg, rocky mountain juniper is a small-growing tree that can reach up to 3 to 30 feet tall. As the name implies, Utah juniper is the most common tree species found in Utah as it covers 1/5th of the land area in the state! Juniper is a short to medium-height evergreen shrub, belonging to the genus Juniperus. This is one of the juniper species that is particularly susceptible to cedar-apple rust. These are the most common types of junipers: Chinese Juniper … Some people also make topical use of juniper as they apply it directly to their skin wounds, in case of muscular or joint pain. It spreads and covers patches of the ground, quicker than you can imagine. Native to Asia, Chinese juniper trees and shrubs feature an old ridged bark with two types of needles – adult and juvenile. Did you know that drooping juniper of Texas made it to the list of American Forests Champion Trees in 2018? Like many junipers, the leaves on juvenile Greek junipers are needles that become flattened scales as the tree matures. Multiple scientific studies show that juniper berries and oil consist of chemicals that alleviate gas and inflammation. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Native to Mexico and the Himalayas of North Eastern Pakistan, weeping juniper is a tall tree with drooping branches. The fruits grown on rocky mountain juniper are also used for making flavored teas, cakes, mush, etc. Western Juniper belongs to the Cupressaceae family, native to the Western United States. Types of Juniper Shrubs. The wood is the most notable part of the variant as it is long-lasting and durable. Although this type of ground covering looks gorgeous, maintaining such an area requires some sort of mowing expertise. Many birds and mammals consume the fleshy cones of drooping juniper. The low type of Junipers can be used as great groundcover in the landscape and the large, upright works well for hedges, windbreaks and screens. According to current research, this variety of juniper has a growth rate of up to 12 to 24 inches per year. When well-maintained, the trees produce purplish berry-like cones. These low-growing shrubs come with the most practical usage i.e., beautifying the landscape. You can also use them as a fragrant shrub to accentuate your porches, decks, and garden seating. The leaves on Chinese juniper are needle-like when the plants are young, but assume the shape of scales as the plant matures. There are many other varieties composed of different shapes and colors. Try these curated collections. California Juniper is also found on desert slopes from the Colorado Desert to Joshua Tree National Park to Kern County, California. It is widely believed that this type of juniper can reach up to the heights of 10,000 feet or above! Shore juniper – A low growing groundcover that tends to top out at 18 inches (45 cm.) It is used as a specimen tree or in large screen plantings. Native to North America, California Juniper trees are conical in shape with evergreen foliage. The berries that grow on this tree are used in sauces and marinades. Junipers have a resinous sap that is quite combustible. Scale-like foliage. This drought-tolerant juniper tree needs moist to dry soil with highly acidic to highly alkaline soil PH. List of Different Types of Juniper Trees. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List because it is a widespread species with an increasing population. Owing to its unique appearance, drooping juniper is mainly planted for ornamental purposes. Also known as Siberian juniper or dwarf juniper, common juniper is one of the most common junipers in the world. Alligator trees have the ability to strive and thrive in slightly acidic igneous soil and alkaline limestone. There are over 50 species of the genus juniperus total, and juniper horizantalis is just one of those species. Originating in the northern hemisphere, juniper has between 50 to 60 different species. The wood is used for the construction of fence posts, pails, chests, and pencils. Reaching up to 2 feet, low-growing junipers can spread easily to 6 to 8 feet. This towering tree is splendid to look at which is why it makes for a stunning scenic backdrop. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Types of Juniper. The female seed cones are very distinctive, with fleshy, fruit-like coalescing scales which fuse together to form a "berry"-like structure, 4–27 mm (0.16–1.06 in) long, with one to 12 unwinged, hard-shelled seeds. 'Skyrocket' is an especially narrow variety that is bluish-green. These glossy bluish-black cones contain only one seed and are the center of attraction among a large variety of birds. There are about 60 to 70 varieties of juniper, most of them native to the wilder parts of Asia, Europe, and North America. The most striking feature of California juniper trees is their bluish small cones. But later it was found out that it happens due to insects that would damage the cones during their developmental stage. Small, 1/2 inch, pale blue berry-like cones turn dark brown when mature. Owing to its low-maintenance features, this curvy needle-shaped tree is favored by men so that they can make the most of its economic uses. 01 of 09. The cones are blue-white berries with a waxy coating. It features scale-like blue-gray leaves and reddish-brown cones. The berries are also used as a seasoning for pickling pork or meat. Unfortunately, cones usually have their seed apex exposed. This evergreen shrub requires full sun exposure, at least 6 hours of sunlight, for healthy growth. This is an upright tree with dark blue-green scale-like foliage. The name Alligator juniper, however, is the most common name of these types of juniper trees because they have barks that look like the skin of alligators. The wood obtained from redcedar is finely grained and resistant to decay as well. Plant this large juniper shrub far enough apart when creating privacy screens to give them room to develop, warns the Missouri Botanical Garden. The mature foliage is scale-like, and the cone/fruit is bluish brown. 'McFetter' is the most common cultivar used in landscapes; it is used in hedges or for buffer screening. They range in height from a few inches to about 2 feet. A fun fact is that one seed juniper has the second deepest roots, after Boscia albitrunca, extending as deep as 61m well deep into the earth’s surface. Looking after this form of the tree is super easy as it doesn’t need any heavy maintenance. The berry/cones of the common juniper (Juniperus communis) provide the flavoring for gin. The leaves of these evergreen conifers usually take the form of flattened scales in the mature plants, though they may be needle-like in juvenile plants. The essential oil of juniper is inhaled to ease body pain and cure illnesses like bronchitis. Related: Types of Boxwood Shrubs | Types of Eucalyptus Trees | Types of Rhododendrons. Here is some detailed information on the juniper tree. Common juniper tends to be a slightly poisonous shrub that grows up to 400 years! Scientifically known as Juniperus deppeana, this variety of juniper is widely distributed in the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Like most juniper trees, western juniper is an old, large tree. Some studies also show that rocky mountain juniper possesses insect repellent properties. This is a close relative to the eastern red cedar, and it is sometimes known as the Mountain red cedar, Rocky Mountain cedar, or Colorado red cedar. This plant generally grows as a large shrub or small tree, with its growth habit determined largely by the conditions in which it grows. Stunning Shohin tree. Some of these species can be spotted in abandoned areas of Arizona and Nevada. Therefore, the seeds are always sterile. They should ideally be soaked or simmered before eating. Yellow and orange-brown flowers appear in March. Common juniper is found across the U.S. and Canada (as well as Greenland, Europe, and Asia). At best, these shrubs flourish in hot, arid conditions. Highly tolerant to heat, this tough-like-a-rock tree boasts intense bluish-green leaves which are a sight to behold. The cones contain two seeds and are pointy on one end. The junipers include roughly 60 different species of trees and shrubs in the Juniperus genus, within the cypress (Cupressaceae) family of plants. In the north of Finland, densely-packed and low-growing common juniper dominates. Owing to their drought-resistance capability, creeping juniper shrubs can be planted in areas where irrigation is impossible. Some cultivars are low-growing shrubs suitable for use as ground covers, while the species form may take the form of small upright trees. It has soft blue-green foliage and grows well in zones 7-11.Juniperus conferta or Shore Juniper is ideal for sandy and poor soils. The common juniper, also known as Siberian juniper or dwarf juniper, globally is the most widespread of the juniper species, and many subspecies and varieties have been described. Many species are dioecious, meaning that plants produce male or female parts, but not both. Scientifically known as Juniperus communis, junipers have a wide range of excellent uses and benefits. (#1) Juniper Bonsai tree by Luis Vila. Their efficacy for most of these conditions is unproven, however eating juniper berries is known to stimulate contractions in pregnant women and was used in earlier times to induce miscarriage. The Rocky Mountain juniper is a small- to medium-sized tree that usually grows a pyramidal shape. While by the sound of it, creeping juniper seems nothing less than a “creepy” juniper. Commonly, people use juniper berry and Juniper berry oil to make medicine extracts. Owing to the pollination, the tree is able to mature within the span of 6 to 8 months. ... of 367. tree silhouette willow trees name trees with name sycamore tree vector tree types vector walnut tree silhouette red pine silhouette sycamore tree silhoutte cottonwood tree silhouette tree types. They tend to be deep blue or purple in hue and are often covered with a whitish bloom that needs to be wiped off before using them. Alternatively known as Juniperus Chinensis, Chinese Juniper belongs to the botanic family of Cypress. Another great way to identify Eastern Redcedar is from the presence of bagworms or cedar-apple rust that tends to infest this type of juniper species. There are more than 100 cultivars of this plant available, including varieties with yellow foliage. This is a rare juniper that has needle-like leaves, rather than scales. These brownish blue cones mature in 18 months and can be used for different purposes. This variety of juniper can be spotted in every state of the United States. Each has their own uses and come in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. Here are 12 species of sun-loving juniper trees. As it matures it creates an intriguing twisted form that works well as a specimen plant. Juniper; Junipers - Spreading Types; Spreading types of Junipers are low growing and make great groundcover in the landscape. You can also find this juniper growing in Arizona and other areas of the western U.S., where it may be known as bigberry juniper or desert juniper. On the other hand, the smallest Chinese juniper tree is known to be 10 feet tall while the shrub is as small as 3 feet and under. It is in the Cupressaceae family (Cypress) with 70 to 80 species growing in the northern hemisphere. Juniper fruits can also be used as a spice in cooking, and they are very attractive to many birds and other forms of wildlife. There are approximately 50 species of junipers and they are found in most countries in the northern hemisphere. Juniper shrubs are evergreen and are usually low spreading bush type plants. Alligator Juniper Alligator juniper hybridizes with oneseed juniper (J. monosperma) from central Mexico through the Southwest to southern Colorado [53,79]. Commonly known as desert white cedar, California juniper is distributed in Shasta County, California, south of the Baja California Norte. That said, its growth rate varies to a great extent; it can be a creepy dwarf shrub to a heavily crowned, pillar-like tree. These chemicals are also effective in eliminating viruses and bacteria. Greek Juniper, or Juniperus excels is a type of juniper that is distributed throughout the eastern Mediterranean, northeastern Greece and southern Bulgaria, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and all across Syria. The color of the leaves ranges from pale green to dark green. The spreading and low-growing form of the juniper ground cover is often seen in rock gardens or flanking a garden border as edging. For the perfect growth, the alligator juniper tree prefers dry hillsides such as the Guadalupe Mountains. One variety of the Chinese juniper ('Toruloso') is known as the Hollywood juniper. The junipers include roughly 60 different species of trees and shrubs in the Juniperus genus, within the cypress (Cupressaceae) family of plants.Although come junipers use the work cedar in their common names, these plants are not members of the Cedrus genus. David Beaulieu One popular type of creeping juniper is the Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Rug' ('Wiltonii' is similar). The Chinese juniper is a decorative evergreen shrubby tree that has needle-like leaves and also scale-leaves. The tree boasts separate male and female cones which are fleshy and chewy. The berries are used for seasoning and making medicinal drugs, etc. Associated Brands: All of them. Whether you want to cover a slope for erosion control or create a privacy hedge, there’s one that fits the bill. This last type of juniper is the most common one worldwide. Greek Juniper requires little to no pruning and is also slightly water tolerant. The wax from the verries is used in candles as an ornamental piece. Unless otherwise noted, these will grow in USDA hardiness zones 3-9. 36,618 juniper tree stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. With research still in progress, the actual number of species belonging to the genus Juniperus is not clear. This species of juniper is a popular choice for landscape parks, gardens, and green areas. The eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is the usual host on the juniper side, though many of the other species are also susceptible to at least some degree. The best quality about creeping juniper is that it is adaptable to any type of soil – hot, dry, or even poor. Regarded as a “pioneer” tree species, this hardy tree is the first species to occupy deserted regions by spreading seeds through waxwings and birds that prefer seed cones. Planting juniper. The natives of North America use juniper extracts to treat chronic conditions like tuberculosis, intestinal gas, bloating, heartburn, gastrointestinal infections, etc. Creeping Juniper: Blue Rug. Juniperus occidentalis, known as the western juniper, is a shrub or tree native to the western United States, growing in mountains at altitudes of 800–3,000 metres (2,600–9,800 ft) and rarely down to 100 metres (330 ft). The bark of this tree is marked with rough, squarely-shaped plates which resemble the skin of an alligator. Common juniper produces stiff, long, and pointy needles with a glossy lower surface. While they are not as long-lasting as the alligator juniper, they can grow for 50 to 150 years or above. In landscaping, it is used to create wildlife habitats and in drought-tolerant gardening. There are 13 juniper species native to … The leaves are scale-like in the mature trees, and the cones are the familiar blue-green berries with waxy white coating found in many junipers. The bark is thick with a furrowed pattern, setting it apart from other types of trees. Within the species, over 100 cultivars are used and sold in nurseries. There are also hundreds of Chinese juniper cultivars that are adapted to … are one of the hardiest, most versatile and drought-tolerant shrubs. Do not plant a juniper in your yard if there are apple trees in your yard or within a mile or two. The bark shoots up to 1.2 to 1.9 mm in width. Chinese juniper grows narrow and cone shaped. However, you can also plant in spring and water a bit more at the beginning. Like other junipers, this low-growing variant attracts birds and mammals which help pollinate the tree. Also known as weeping juniper, drooping juniper, as the name implies, is droopy in appearance. The Greek juniper is a large shrub or tree that is often found growing alongside the stinking juniper (Juniperus foetidissima)—a species with a similar appearance but which is lighter green. Junipers (Juniperus spp.) This variety of juniper tree produces berry-like cones that are 5 to 10 mm long and 4 to 7 mm in diameter. Rasbak/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0. This plant can take many forms depending on its environment. These cones are fleshy and form the appearance of a berry; however, only female trees tend to grow these attractive cones. However, this berry-producing tree can live up to as long as 500 years! This tree has a reddish-brown or gray bark that sheds in strips and the cones are greenish berries that mature into purplish-brown. With up to 60 juniper species to choose from, sometimes you might find it hard to land on the right type of juniper to suit your specific needs. The alligator juniper is named for its distinctive bark that resembles the rough, checkered skin of an alligator. It is important to recognize these champion trees to understand the beauty and diversity of our ecosystem. Although come junipers use the work cedar in their common names, these plants are not members of the Cedrus genus. Junipers can be divided into two groups: one that has scale-like foliage and another one with the needle-like foliage. (Other common names include single-seed juniper and cherrystone juniper.) The wood was used for many different tasks during the pioneer era. It has a broad base with a bluish-green upper surface. This tree is now quite rare over much of its native territory in Mexico, but it is very common in New Mexico and other portions of the U.S. Southwest. Some types grow as a low ground cover. For example, the fragrant timber of common juniper is used for making utensils such as dishes. This juniper is usually found as a large shrub in the Southwest, though it can sometimes grow to be a medium-sized tree in the wild. Its round crown and a long trunk make for a dominant part of the tree. Popular species of juniper that are used for landscaping purposes are: Juniperus virginiana, Juniperus horizontalis, Juniperus communis, and Juniperus chinensis.

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