Make the cut on the branch at the bottom where it attaches to the trunk or another branch, and don’t leave a stub. Annual pruning of olives can be done in early spring through the flowering stages and also latter in summer. However, pruning the olive grove in the most appropriate way is something that requires good training, lots of practice and experience. The general rule of thumb, (a green one we hope) is to prune olive trees once a year, though they can be left for two years if there is a shortage of labor. Annual pruning is recommended at the end of winter or at the beginning of spring. Prune each … Sweet olive trees, also called tea olives, are evergreens that can reach heights of up to 30 feet, depending upon the variety. Heavy pruning to reduce the size or to tree form your Tea Olive should be performed in late winter, while the plant is dormant. You may also have nothing and you’re starting from scratch. Select one of the smaller species of olive trees. Starting at the base of the trunk, remove any suckering growth. Pruning the olive tree is an easy technique for all to learn. These nasty branches can harm the tree and the new buds that appear in the olive tree can interfere with the production of olives. Prune on all sides of the olive tree, so walk around it to assess it before you start. These two types of pruning cuts have the opposite effect, and it is important to know the difference. The leaves and branches are the shelter that the olive tree has to protect itself from the cold. Make sure your pruning shears or saw are both sharp and clean. If the tree is small, allow it to grow for a year before this initial pruning. Otherwise, do not forget that all these prunings must be made every single year, regardless of the season in which you are in, but never very intensively. In Italy, olive trees are pruned from the middle of winter to spring. Pruning and training Olives grow very slowly, so don’t require much pruning. Pruning involves trimming off some branches completely and cutting others back, and when done properly, the result is a better harvest of olive fruit and a healthier tree. When to Prune Olive Trees Do not prune your olive trees until they are four years old. Thanks again for all of your help! Although in this sense, we must ensure that the length of the branches does not exceed a metre, which is a more suitable size for olive trees in the garden. The ideal height for most olive trees is 1.2 to 1.5 m (4 to 5 feet), although you can keep it shorter if desired. When done properly, heading cuts make the tree bushier and can encourage fruiting in lateral branches. Step 2 Look down near the base of the fruitless olive tree trunk and follow it upward to locate any suckers. Experts recommend us pruning an olive tree by clearing the secondary branches to get sunlight to penetrate every corner of the tree, thus improving photosynthesis. Olive tree care involves pruning for several reasons: first, to reduce the weight of the olive fruit on the limbs. Fruitless olive trees are grown as an ornamental lawn tree and are prized for their silvery … How and When to Prune an Olive Tree Read More » 6:49 . As its name suggests, this pruning will give a first shape to the tree and will help us ensure proper development and growth of the olive tree. The controls to be performed are the same. After planting, remove all side branches within 3 feet of the ground. For this type of pruning, you remove the trees central branches to allow sunlight to penetrate the tree. It's even better to give the tree a light prune each year to keep the canopy in check. Pruning shears are used to cut shoots less than 1 inch (25mm) in diameter. Another important step of olive tree pruning in the correct manner involves pruning for regeneration, which is basically to keep the olive tree in tip top condition. To ensure that the tree and fruit grow properly and productively, it is also very important to conduct a thorough production pruning. Harvesting lateral branches is easier than picking from treetops. Open-center or vase pruning is very common with olive trees. When to Prune Olive Trees. Before you get out the loppers and start cutting away, be sure you understand the difference between heading and thinning cuts. It is about respecting the development of the olive tree, but doing so in the right way to stimulate and promote the production of the fruit. How to create an Olive tree Bonsai Part 1 initial shaping.mp4 - Duration: 7 ... Don't Prune Fruit Trees Until You Watch This - Raintree - Duration: 6:49. Trimming these olive trees is similar to pruning fruit-bearing olive trees, except there is no trimming or shaping to increase bud development or fruit harvest. Next, turn your attention to the crown which can become quite dense and block light from reaching the centre of the tree. For this matter, 10 percent bleach that contains 1 part bleach and 9 parts water is a perfect solution. Have sharp, clean pruning tools. Do you have any additional instructions about how to prune the trees to control their height without harming them, and in a way that will still keep them as productive as possible? Also, look for a slightly raised area at the base of any branch you trim-off and leave this area, called the branch collar. Shearing of Tea Olive can be performed any time of year, however, to avoid damaging new growth that emerges after pruning, I recommend ceasing pruning two months prior to the average first frost date in your area. The branch collar produces important hormones which allow the tree to heal from the cut. Why Is It Bad Luck To Have A Cactus In The House? Interesting Facts about Olives and Olive Trees, How to Plant and Grow an Olive Tree at Home.