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edible parts of brinjal plant

Eggplant is richer in nicotine than any other edible plant, with a concentration of 100 ng/g (or 0.01mg/100g). Hearts of. Eggplant fruit is nutritious and flavorful, with only 38 calories in one cup. The eggplant is quite often featured in the older scientific literature under the junior synonyms S. ovigerum and S. trongum. Author has 1.7K answers and 3.2M answer views. 1.1K views. The fruit should not be eaten raw[132]. He also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and subinerme at that time. Plant eggplant when the soil temperature is at least 60°F, not sooner than 2 weeks after the last frost in spring. Raw eggplant is 92% water, 6% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and has negligible fat (table). Do not eat the outer shell (the rind) or that stringy goop that holds the seeds. The berry type of fruit is the edible part of a brinjal plant. For example Central Park in New York is home to over 100 edible plant species, while one in every five plants in the Sonoran desert can be eaten. In Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena), fruits are used as vegetable. Another version of the dish, begun-pora (eggplant charred or burnt), is very popular in Bangladesh and the east Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal where the pulp of the vegetable is mixed with raw chopped shallot, green chilies, salt, fresh coriander, and mustard oil. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft 5 in), with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. and Solanum melongena var. Its thin skin is also edible, and so it does not have to be peeled. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. Parsley roots. In 2018, world production of eggplants was 54 million tonnes, led by China with 63% of the total and India with 24% (table). Minor changes in nutrient composition occur with season, environment of cultivation (open field or greenhouse), and genotype. Green or purple cultivars with white striping also exist. For the average adult, 400 mg of solanine would be life-threatening. Brinjal seed oil is extracted through cold pressing of its seeds. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, eggplant leaves are toxic and narcotic, like many members of the nightshade family , so they are inedible . Eggplant prefers hot weather, and when grown in cold climates or in areas with low humidity, the plants languish or fail to set and produce mature fruit. And while mostly enjoyed for its edible fruit, it also has a history of medicinal use. Seeds and flowers of squash. Broccoli is a plant, but the edible parts humans consume are unopened flowers. They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant")[38] or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures"). As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato and potato. Crushed seeds from multiple species were once used to treat toothaches. [31][32], On 9 February 2010, the Environment Ministry of India imposed a moratorium on the cultivation of Bt brinjal after protests against regulatory approval of cultivated Bt brinjal in 2009, stating the moratorium would last "for as long as it is needed to establish public trust and confidence". [11] The numerous Arabic and North African names for it, along with the lack of the ancient Greek and Roman names, indicate it was grown throughout the Mediterranean area by the Arabs in the early Middle Ages, who introduced it to Spain in the 8th century. Mint (Mentha spp.) Brinjal is usually transplanted rather than direct seeded in the field as it provides the best means of establishing a uniform and complete stand of plants. Vegetative parts and roots from wild eggplant species, including Solanum americanum and S. insanum, have been documented as a sedative and in the treatment of skin issues, such as rashes and sores.. [40][41], In Korean cuisine, eggplants are known as gaji (가지). Timing is everything when it comes to harvesting the perfect eggplant. [57], The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.[58]. The term guinea in the name originally denoted the fact that the fruits were associated with West Africa. Several other names that are now invalid have been uniquely applied to it:[63], A number of subspecies and varieties have been named, mainly by Dikii, Dunal, and (invalidly) by Sweet. Eggplant prefers well-drained soil rich in organic matter; add aged compost to each planting hole. Most of these veggies, except for tomatoes, are usually cooked before eating, and eggplant is not the exception. lasiocarpum.[63]. [8] In 2018, China and India combined accounted for 87% of the world production of eggplants. Many plants have edible leaves too, … The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[22] a term first attested in 1811. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. brownii. Mustard plant have two edible parts (1) Leaves are used as leafy vegetable (2) Seeds of mustard plant are used to extract mustard oil. Add them to casseroles, soups, salads and other dishes for some added protein. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine. In al-Andalus, the Arabic word (al-)bāḏinjān was borrowed into the Romance languages in forms beginning with b- or, with the definite article included, alb-: The Spanish word alberengena was then borrowed into French, giving aubergine (along with French dialectal forms like albergine, albergaine, albergame, and belingèle). Case reports of itchy skin or mouth, mild headache, and stomach upset after handling or eating eggplant have been reported anecdotally and published in medical journals (see also oral allergy syndrome). In Georgia, for example, it is fried and stuffed with walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani. [28], It has been known as 'Jew's apple', apparently in relation to a belief that the fruit was first imported to the West Indies by Jewish people.[29]. Attested Greek forms include ματιζάνιον (matizanion, eleventh-century), μελιντζάνα (melintzana, fourteenth-century), and μελιντζάνιον (melintzanion, seventeenth-century). Early forms include: From these forms came the botanical Latin melongēna. Your IP: 163.44.185.54 n. The fruit of the eggplant{1}. This earlier answer is for eating the best parts that I know of. It can be baked, stewed or added to soups, curries etc[183]. The modern Hindustani words descending directly from the Sanskrit name are baingan and began. However, the green part at the top, the calyx, does have to be removed when preparing an eggplant for cooking. Penne with eggplant and basil in yogurt-tomato sauce. Vegetable Common Edible Parts Other Edible Parts Beans, snap pod with seeds leaves Beans, lima seeds pods, leaves Beets root leaves Broccoli flower leaves, flower stem Carrot root leaves Eggplant is also known as aubergine, and it belongs to the Solanaceae family of the plant kingdom. Tweet. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. It has minimal levels of sodium (7mg in one whole eggplant). Lesser-Known Vegetables. An example of it use is in the dish hasamiyaki (挟み焼き) in which slices of eggplant are grilled and filled with a meat stuffing. First recorded in 1763, the word "eggplant" was originally applied to white cultivars, which look very much like hen's eggs (see image). Arugula (Eruca sativa) If you want to add a mustardy, tangy flavor to salads, give Arugula a try. [47] Another popular dish is adobong talong, which is diced eggplant prepared with vinegar, soy sauce, and garlic as an adobo. [59] Whether natural or man-made, edible landscapes are definitely going to play a huge role in the future of gardening. In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as nasu or nasubi and use the same characters as Chinese (茄子). The fruit of banana plant are used as food and the flowers of the banana plant are also used as food in the form of vegetables. Raw leaves eaten fresh may even be slightly poisonous in some cases. Different people in different countries use Brinjal in different methods. [33] Bt brinjal was approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh in 2013.[34]. Persian bādingān was borrowed in turn into Arabic as bāḏinjān (or, with the definite article, al-bāḏinjān). Potato. But you can eat the seeds baked and eat all of the inner flesh cooked. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), also called aubergine or Guinea squash, tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (), grown for its edible fruits.Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. • Ginger. Brinjal seeds germinate one to two weeks after sowing. • Some other cultivars are white and longer in shape. In some parts of India, miniature cultivars, most commonly called, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 14:00. The edible part of brinjal is pericarp and placenta. In a dish from Maharashtra called bharli vangi, small brinjals are stuffed with ground coconut, peanuts, onions, tamarind, jaggery and masala spices, and then cooked in oil. It is a good source of vitamin C and potassium[201]. The aubergine is unrecorded in England until the 16th century. It’s also a great source of fiber, potassium and iron, but the leaves and stems are another story. The genetic origin of eggplants, at least those belonging to Solanum melongena (our common culinary eggplants), is presumed to be India or Southeast Asia, hence the immense biodiversity of eggplants in those parts of the world. The French name was then borrowed into British English, appearing there first in the late eighteenth century. Different cultivars of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. However, since eggplants can be particularly susceptible to pests such as whiteflies, they are sometimes grown with slightly less susceptible plants, such as chili pepper, as a sacrificial trap crop. On wild plants, the fruit is less than 3 cm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter; in cultivated forms: 30 cm (12 in) or more in length are possible for long, narrow types or the large fat purple ones common to the West. Some cultivars have a color gradient—white at the stem, to bright pink, deep purple or even black. They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Bicolored cultivars with color gradient include 'Rosa Bianca', 'Violetta di Firenze', 'Bianca Sfumata di Rosa' (heirloom), and 'Prosperosa' (heirloom). [31] This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. Similarly, H.C.F. Maharashtrian Vangi Bhat recipe. [52], Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. Edible plants may attract other animals that will compete with you for the harvest, such as birds, rabbits, squirrels, deer, insects, etc. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fba10eb4e13ef55 Also, Asian cultivars of Japanese breeding are grown. If you find too many seeds in an eggplant, it’s time to fine-tune your eggplant harvesting practices. [63], The eggplant has a long history of taxonomic confusion with the scarlet and Ethiopian eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum), known as gilo and nakati, respectively, and described by Linnaeus as S. aethiopicum. A mix of roasted eggplant, roasted red peppers, chopped onions, tomatoes, mushrooms, carrots, celery, and spices is called zacuscă in Romania, and ajvar or pinjur in the Balkans. [56], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. [12] A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow aubergines. Eggplant can be hollowed out and stuffed with meat, rice, or other fillings, and then baked. Rinsing, draining, and salting the sliced fruit before cooking may remove the bitterness. In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be sown in the garden. A few proteins and at least one secondary metabolite have been identified as potential allergens. The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. Names for various eggplant types, such as {{lang|la|agreste, album, divaricatum, esculentum, giganteum, globosi, inerme, insanum, leucoum, luteum, multifidum, oblongo-cylindricum, ovigera, racemiflorum, racemosum, ruber, rumphii, sinuatorepandum, stenoleucum, subrepandum, tongdongense, variegatum, violaceum"", and viride, are not considered to refer to anything more than cultivar groups at best. Edible Parts: Fruit Leaves Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked[1, 2, 16, 27, 33]. Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. In the La Mancha region of central Spain, a small eggplant is pickled in vinegar, paprika, olive oil, and red peppers. Eggplant seediness is usually due to improper harvesting or harvesting at the wrong time. Maharashtra and the adjacent state of Karnataka also have an eggplant-based vegetarian pilaf called 'vangi bhat' [49].. Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes. [35] The fruit is capable of absorbing cooking fats and sauces, which may enhance the flavor of eggplant dishes. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. Grow eggplant plant in full sun sheltered from the wind. [48], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). It provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only manganese having a moderate percentage (11%) of the Daily Value. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts. The Indic word vātiṅ-gaṇa was then borrowed into Persian as bādingān. [45][46] Eggplant can also be grilled, skinned and eaten as a salad called ensaladang talong. This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. Perhaps the best-known Turkish eggplant dishes are imam bayıldı (vegetarian) and karnıyarık (with minced meat). Sprouts. [citation needed] Colors vary from white to yellow or green, as well as reddish-purple and dark purple. Common North American pests include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. Edible landscapes are nowadays all around you, even if you have not realized this. You can start planting your brinjal plants indoors when April month starts. Seeds, skin and stems are the edible parts of the plant. Place the soil in a loose manner into your pot, but make sure that it is not getting compressed. Korean and Japanese eggplant varieties are typically thin-skinned.[37]. [36] Eggplant flesh is smooth. A plant (Solanum Melongena), of East Indian origin, allied to the tomato, and bearing a large, glossy, edible fruit, shaped somewhat like an egg; mad-apple. Although the nutrient value of eggplant isn’t as impressive as other vegetables, there are some unique phytochemicals (naturally occurring plant chemicals) in eggplant. Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. It can be sliced and deep-fried, then served with plain yogurt (optionally topped with a tomato and garlic sauce), such as in the Turkish dish patlıcan kızartması (meaning fried aubergines), or without yogurt, as in patlıcan şakşuka. Quite often, cooking is necessary to make the parts edible. [19][20][21] Similar names are widespread in other languages, such as the Icelandic term eggaldin or the Welsh planhigyn ŵy. The aforementioned watermelon rind. Flowers and leaves have minty flavor; use in teas, fruit salad, cocktails, sauces, … The stem is often spiny. [55], The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as eggplants. Plantation of seeds for growing brinjal in pots: Brinjal plants will need a temperature of minimum 13°C or more, which will be tough to provide in the outdoor location at the time of spring. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Answer By Toppr. [10] It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory. What are the edible parts of Brinjal plant? It may also be roasted in its skin until charred, so the pulp can be removed and blended with other ingredients, such as lemon, tahini, and garlic, as in the Arab baba ghanoush and the similar Greek melitzanosalata. Other veggies in this family include potato, tomato, and peppers, which are considered nightshade vegetables. An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. Plants in the nightshade family -- which includes eggplants, potatoes, peppers, tomatoes and tomatillos -- contain an alkaloid called solanine, which in very large doses can be poisonous. Celery. The Dravidian word was borrowed into the Indic languages, giving ancient forms such as Sanskrit and Pali vātiṅ-gaṇa (alongside Sanskrit vātigama) and Prakrit vāiṃaṇa. [42][43], Chinese yúxiāng-qiézi (fish-fragrance eggplants), Korean dureup-gaji-jeon (pan-fried eggplants and angelica tree shoots), In the Philippines, eggplants are of the long and slender purple variety. [44] However the most popular eggplant dish is tortang talong, an omelette made from grilling an eggplant, dipping it into beaten eggs, and pan-frying the mixture. The fruit can be up to 20cm long in cultivated plants[200]. The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. Scopoli's S. zeylanicum refers to the eggplant, and that of Blanco to S. In 13th-century Italian traditional folklore, the eggplant can cause insanity. Is brooccoli a plant or flower? According to the entry brinjal in the Oxford English Dictionary, the Sanskrit word vātin-gāna denoted 'the class (that removes) the wind-disorder (windy humour)': that is, vātin-gāna came to be the name for eggplants because they were thought to cure flatulence. Nopales. Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. [28], The plant is also known as guinea squash in Southern American English. Parmigiana di melanzane, eggplant parmesan. The flowers are white to purple in color, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. esculentum (L.) Nees", "Bt Brinjal in Bangladesh: Too early to draw conclusions on contamination, says expert", "Korean restaurant owner cooks from the heart Andy Starnes/Post-Gazette", "All the hallmarks of world-class cuisine", "North, South, Go Pick! The fruit is said to be very nutritious[7]. These leaves are edible and may be eaten cooked or fresh, or used as a garnish. Eggplant is a low crab vegetable and it rates low on the glycemic index chart. The Greek loans took a variety of forms, but crucially they began with m-, partly because Greek lacked the initial b- sound and partly through folk-etymological association with the Greek word μέλας (melas), 'black'. Flowers are complete, containing both female and male structures, and may be self- or cross-pollinated.[53]. Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. Due to its texture and bulk, it is sometimes used as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines. Plants can look just as good as they taste. The result is berenjena of Almagro, Ciudad Real. [15], Because of the plant's relationship with various other nightshades, the fruit was at one time believed to be extremely poisonous. What are the edible parts of Brinjal plant? They are steamed, stir-fried, or pan-fried and eaten as banchan (side dishes), such as namul, bokkeum, and jeon. Pods of English peas. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Raw eggplant can have a bitter taste, with an astringent quality, but it becomes tender when cooked and develops a rich, complex flavor. [17] In 19th-century Egypt, insanity was said to be "more common and more violent" when the eggplant is in season in the summer.[18]. Larger cultivars weighing up to a kilogram (2.2 pounds) grow in the region between the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, while smaller ones are found elsewhere. In Andalusia, eggplant is mostly cooked thinly sliced, deep-fried in olive oil and served hot with honey (berenjenas a la Cordobesa). Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. Plant time. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Hand pollination by shaking the flowers improves the set of the first blossoms. However, the amount of nicotine from eggplant or any other food is negligible compared to passive smoking. we eat roots like carrot, we eat stems like potato, we eat leaves like cabbage etc. Tasting Korean Fare in Beijing", "Fuss-free stir-fried eggplants, a perfect side dish", "The Happy Home Cook: Rellenong Talong (Stuffed Eggplant)", https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/vangi-bhaat-recipe/, "How to Grow Eggplant in Cooler Climates", "Growing Eggplant Successfully in Cooler Climates – Garden Mentors", "Fire retardant garden plants for the urban fringe and rural areas", "Eggplant production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Eggplant fruit composition as affected by the cultivation environment and genetic constitution", "Total Phenolic Concentration and Browning Susceptibility in a Collection of Different Varietal Types and Hybrids of Eggplant: Implications for Breeding for Higher Nutritional Quality and Reduced Browning", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eggplant&oldid=990957593, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. Common Edible Parts: Other Edible Parts: Beans, snap: pod with seeds: leaves: Beans, lima: seeds: pods, leaves: Beets: root: leaves: Broccoli: flower: leaves, flower stem: Carrot: root: leaves: Cauliflower: immature flower: flower stem, leaves: Celery: leaf stems: leaves, seeds: Corn, sweet: seeds: young ears, unfurled tassel, young leaves: Cucumber: fruit with seeds: stem tips and young leaves: Eggplant All things considered, they are one of my personal favorites to plant in my garden each year. A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. Broccoli. Many edible plants need more maintenance than most common ornamental plants, such as regular pruning, supplemental watering, soil amendments, and frequent monitoring especially during harvest. The eggplant was sometimes considered a variety violaceum of that species. Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. It can be stuffed. Tsao and Lo in "Vegetables: Types and Biology". [13] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish.[14]. It is widely cultivated for its fruit, commonly eaten as a vegetable. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. In Chinese cuisine, eggplants are known as qiézi (茄子). Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa)[4] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Translated into English as 'mad-apple', 'rage-apple', or 'raging apple', this name for eggplants is attested from 1578 and the form 'mad-apple' may still be found in Southern American English. This fruit is also used to make appetizers and salads. Fruit Types And Edible Parts Agriculture Exams Study Material Agronomy Horticulture Plant Pathology Entomology Plant Breeding Genetics Current Affairs S. violaceum of de Candolle applies to Linnaeus' S. aethiopicum. Owing to its versatile nature and wide use in both everyday and festive Indian food, it is often described as the "king of vegetables". [16], The eggplant has a special place in folklore. Modern descendants of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and Tamil vaṟutuṇai. Eggplants can also be battered before deep-frying and served with a sauce made of tahini and tamarind. The … [31] This variety was designed to give the plant resistance to lepidopteran insects such as the brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) and fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera). Why are My Eggplants Seedy? If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Check seed packets before you buy, choosing crops with varying growth habits and foliage. In every other culture, Brinjal is used in some ways or another. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE. The most widely cultivated varieties—cultivars—in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm (4 1⁄2–10 in) long and 6–9 cm (2 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) broad with a dark purple skin.

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