They should be kept damp and warm, in a slightly shaded position and fed weekly during the growing season with general-purpose liquid fertiliser. 2015. Dried rhizomes are polished to smooth their exterior and to improve the colour. Hawaii, Cuba, An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500. Turmeric is a tropical plant. A compound in turmeric is thought to help lower swelling. These additives give turmeric an orange-red color instead of its native gold-yellow, and such conditions led the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to issue import alerts from 2013 to 2019 on turmeric originating in India and Bangladesh. Curcuma aromatica (common name: wild turmeric) is a member of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. What Is Complementary, Alternative, or Integrative Health? Cook Is., Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82. Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Turmeric has been shown to have anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, to which can be added possible anti-ulcer, wound-healing, liver-protective and anti-cancer properties. The rhizome is the part that is most widely used. Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221. China Southeast, The genus Curcuma includes many other economically important species, including C. amada (mango ginger), C. angustifolia (wild arrowroot, narrow-leaved turmeric), C. aromatica (Cochin turmeric, wild turmeric) and C. zedoaria (zedoary). Turmeric. Turmeric, a plant in the ginger family, is native to Southeast Asia and is grown commercially in that region, primarily in India. Windward Is. A service of the National Library of Medicine, PubMed® contains publication information and (in most cases) brief summaries of articles from scientific and medical journals. Turmeric powder is also sprinkled on sacred images. & Marhold, K. (2010). Sirirugsa, P., Larsen, K. & Maknoi, C. (2007). It was introduced to Jamaica in the 18th century. (2008). The essential medicinal chemistry of curcumin. Common Names: turmeric, turmeric root, Indian saffron. C. domestica (Turmeric, Haldi [Hindi], Jiang Huang [Chinese]) Curcuma zedoaria (Zedoary) Curcuma amada (Mango-Ginger) Curcuma xanthorrhizia (Curcuma, Japanese Turmeric, Tewon Lawa, Temu Lawak) Cautions Turmeric should not be used if there is a bile duct obstruction. In India, the deliberate contamination and bulking out of turmeric is a serious problem in local markets. The remainder are processed into turmeric.To develop the yellow colour and characteristic aroma, cleaned rhizomes are cooked in boiling water for an hour under slightly alkaline conditions. This can be seen in traditional dyeing techniques where acid might be added at various stages. It contains yellow pigments called curcuminoids. Trade Name: Turmeric: Common Name: Haldi: Botanical Name: Curcuma longa: Family: Zingiberaceae: Synonyms: Curcuma domestica, Haridra: Part used: Rhizome: Product nature Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. It is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider(s). The problem of curcumin and its bioavailability: could its gastrointestinal influence contribute to its overall health-enhancing effects? Inhalation of turmeric smoke is reputed to relieve hiccups. The use of turmeric is prohibited in a house of mourning. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. In dry weather plants will benefit from being lightly misted daily with rainwater.During autumn, watering should be reduced, and plants should be kept fairly dry over winter, when they will need more light. kornicková, J.L., Sída, O. Optical Rotation: -24 to -27. Turmeric rhizomes yield a bright yellow dye that is used as a colouring for foods, textiles, paints and even people! Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. Even with the use of alum, turmeric dye tends to fade over time. Few people still use traditional dyeing techniques in South Asia, but turmeric dye gives a yellow colouring to silk, cotton and wool.