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what is border security

[7] It coordinates the Australian Government’s response to eight key maritime threats, specifically illegal exploitation of natural resources, illegal activity in protected areas, unauthorised maritime arrivals, prohibited imports and exports, maritime terrorism, piracy, robbery and violence at sea, compromise to biosecurity and marine pollution.[8]. We aim to facilitate the movement of people and goods across the border. Border security is a core responsibility of the Commonwealth, resting on specific powers under section 51 of the Constitution, including trade and commerce, defence, quarantine, fisheries in Australian waters beyond territorial limits, immigration and emigration, and foreign affairs. Our mission is to protect Australia's border and enable legitimate travel and trade. [19] As at February 2013, the project was reported to be on schedule and budget. Customs’ Bay Class patrol boats are reaching the end of their operational life, and in the 2010–11 Budget, funding was approved to replace them with larger and more capable ships—to be known as Cape Class. This work has been prepared to support the work of the Australian Parliament using information available at the time of production. Democrats have embraced the phrase border security, meant to describe a comprehensive approach that includes improvements in technology, new surveillance programs and increases in Border … [5], The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) Biosecurity manages quarantine controls at Australia’s borders and inspects and certifies imports and exports. �� �]$�x���]��8�Ι3��H-Ѷ^������[�-@���xw����������W�U�Ȼ7�罫_.��$ ����S�I�uK4,i,�����ʧd�ni�$�~�*� �q�zM�ģ%hN���]@���M��4q�6�%,�����;�kCj��%sM�S�p�3���z�@hy&� ������xWUm��Ŕ�Y��P���ь9ɤ��)��.TX�F|]�ħ]�T �Pas', J Clare (Minister for Home Affairs), Next stage of reforms to crackdown on organised crime - Making Commonwealth law enforcement more corruption resistant, media release, 28 April 2012, accessed 17 May 2013; J Clare (Minister for Home Affairs), Customs Reform Board, media release, 20 December 2012, accessed 16 May 2013. This amounts to over 36,000 kilometres of coastline and an offshore maritime area of 15 million square kilometres.[9]. Source: Customs annual reports 2007–08, 2010–11 and 2011–12. [14]. Any concerns or complaints should be directed to the Parliamentary Librarian. cit., p. 103.. [12]. 1.2: Attorney-General’s Portfolio, op. Department of Defence (Defence), ‘Border protection’, Defence website, accessed 8 May 2013. It is deeply unfashionable to claim that immigration is a threat to our culture, as, after all, almost all American… [6], Border Protection Command is a multi-agency taskforce that is staffed by officers from Customs, Defence, Australian Fisheries Management Authority and DAFF Biosecurity, and uses Customs and Defence assets. For example, in 2010–11, ACV (Australian Customs Vessel) Triton and ACV Ocean Protector each undertook five per cent more patrol days than their targets (240 and 200 days respectively) in order to ‘facilitate the long haul transportation of passengers and crew from intercepted SIEVs [suspected irregular entry vessels]'. Serious threats to Australia’s border integrity occur against the backdrop of broader changes in the international security environment. The work cannot be adapted or modified in any way. Border security is a core responsibility of the Commonwealth, resting on specific powers under section 51 of the Constitution, including trade and commerce, defence, quarantine, fisheries in Australian waters beyond territorial limits, immigration and emigration, and foreign affairs. Historic successes point the way toward border barriers of the future. [1]. [10] Customs also stated that ‘complexity is increasing in supply chains and travel routes, making the task of assessing threats and risks at the border more sophisticated’. The Budget requests $5.4 billion in high priority investments in border security technology, infrastructure, and equipment to help CBP prevent, detect, and interdict illegal border crossings. [12], Graph 2: Number of air cargo consignments. The people that work for these departments have been entrusted with protecting Australia's borders from drug smugglers, illegal immigrants, potential … [16] In 2011–12, ACV Triton undertook 30 per cent more patrol days than its target of 240 days; ACV Ocean Protector undertook only one additional patrol day, but 75 of its 121 patrol days (approximately 62 per cent) were spent in northern waters, where it was diverted to transport irregular maritime arrivals, instead of the Southern Ocean, to which it is nominally allocated. Border Security: Australia's Front Line is an Australian factual television program that airs on the Seven Network. [22] The White Paper also refers to the need for ‘ongoing sustainment of the frequently used but ageing AP-3C Orion fleet, along with the timely acquisition of a replacement capability’. [6]. Due to COVID-19 Parliament House has limited public access. Note: 2012–13 figure is up to 31 March 2013 only. ~����a�8��;a�pO�&v�C�[JS��j��� :z�#�J}u�3YM>��٠���Spi�u�l��AF� H��A��I6�4��0=Po�XS��C��J���SFR���˰�%�Bo���� �N#�rE+�5��j�՚{�fco���*�T��b��¸��{��̱Ä��4d�. 2: 2011–12, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2011, p. 98, accessed 10 May 2013. Security our border is essential to securing the homeland. cit., pp. [11] The number of international passengers and number of air cargo consignments for the years 2007–08 to 2011–12 are shown in Graphs 1 and 2. Geographically, the area of interest includes the Australian coastline, Australia’s offshore territories, the Australian Fishing Zone, the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (AEEZ) and adjacent areas. Use has increased over the last two years: Customs, Annual report 2010–11, op. cit., p. 64; Customs, Annual report 2011–12, op. The country faces a different set of challenges with non-Mexicans who are caught crossing the border illegally. Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (Customs), Annual report 2010–11, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2011, p. 61, accessed 8 May 2013; Customs, Annual report 2011–12, op. Australian Government, Portfolio budget statements 2012–13: budget related paper no. We pay our respects to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, their cultures and to their elders past, present and emerging. The term borderis often associated with a boundary established to control and, in some cases, to prevent the flow of people, goods, and services into a country. [4]. It depicts a country’s physical demonstration of territorial sovereignty. Customs, Annual report 2011–12, op. The views expressed do not reflect an official position of the Parliamentary Library, nor do they constitute professional legal opinion. Walls Work. Rep. Paul Cook: I firmly believe the U.S.-Mexico relationship is unique in its importance and impact to the American people. BPC, ‘Protecting Australia's offshore maritime areas’, BPC website, accessed 17 May 2013. 61–63. With Corey Feldman, Jeff Cole. Graph 1: Number of international passengers (arrivals and departures), Source: Customs annual reports 2007–08, 2008–09 and 2011–12. The Australian Border Force acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community. cit., p. 21. BPC, ‘Maritime security threats’, BPC website, accessed 8 May 2013. It also shows scenes from Sydney mail centre. Border Security - Australia's Front Line Go behind the scenes of Australia's customs, immigration and quarantine departments. [15], The number of vessels bringing asylum seekers to Australia has increased significantly between 2007–08 and 2012–2013 (see Graph 3), placing pressure on border security agencies, including Customs. [4], The Australian Defence Force (Defence) contributes ships, aircraft and officers for maritime surveillance, patrol and response in Australia’s maritime domain through Operation RESOLUTE. Both the number of international passengers and the volume of cargo and mail coming through Australia’s air and sea ports have been increasing for a number of years. Sources: Customs annual reports 2008-09 to 2011-12; Attorney-General’s Portfolio additional estimates statements 2012–13. Funding for passenger facilitation at international airports was reduced by $34 million over four years in the 2011–12 Budget and redirected to support other Government priorities. By John Davis. Border Security: Australia's Front Line is a fascinating insight into the daily workings of the thousands of officers who dedicate their lives to protecting Australia's border. More importantly, however, "border security" actually involves a number of activities, many if not most of which take place far away from the physical border itself. Australia faces substantial border security challenges. [19]. The Importance of U.S.-Mexico Border Security. [23] The AP-3C Orion fleet of surveillance aircraft were introduced into service in the Royal Australian Air Force in 2002. [17]. J Clare (Minister for Home Affairs), New Customs and Border Protection patrol boat launched, media release, 16 January 2013, accessed 9 May 2013. Mexican illegal immigrants are initially detained when they are apprehended. Portfolio budget statements 2012–13: budget related paper no. Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), ‘Orion AP-3C’, RAAF website, accessed 17 May 2013. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), ‘About DAFF Biosecurity’, DAFF website, accessed 8 May 2013. Defence, Defence White Paper 2013, op. In an Administrative Arrangements Order made on 18 September 2013, the functions of the department were broadly classified into the following matters: A number of Customs and DAFF Biosecurity officers are alleged to have been involved in corrupt and criminal behaviour. [2]. [13]. Our vision is to be a global leader in border law enforcement and trusted partner that helps build a safe, secure and prosperous Australia. The show follows the work of officers of the Department of Home Affairs, Australian Border Force, and the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service, as they enforce Australian immigration, customs, quarantine and finance laws. Aliens attempt to enter the United States illegally for any number of purposes, but the one that you most often hear is that they are coming to make a better life for themselves and for their children. The increase in arrivals has meant that resources allocated for patrol and surveillance activities have been diverted to transportation of asylum seekers. [27]. Border security is critically important to the national security of the United States. Follow the work of the men and women who protect Canada's borders. Parliamentary Library staff are available to discuss the contents of publications with Senators and Members and their staff. 2: 2010–11, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2010, p. 97, accessed 9 May 2013; B O’Connor (Minister for Home Affairs), Austal announced as Cape Class patrol boat preferred tenderer, media release, 13 June 2011, accessed 9 May 2013. [8]. CBP officers and agents enforce all applicable U.S. laws, including against illegal immigration, narcotics smuggling and illegal importation. Narrated by Grant Bowler. [16]. [3]. [18]. Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (Customs), Annual report 2010–11, op. Z "�-��{��0�( R�=|��� _�]L��HiDdB��ľ�x���dɏ�ȸ���n��tob꽝uM�V{��ۮm�=��ɥ�!7I��W}ѭN�����}�X���8����S ˜�� ��0�����m',h5�������hJ���!z)F�؏fyb� ~K�85��*��H�n�;���0�DD4�(�| Regardless of what “the wall” is made of or how much more of it is ever built, it will always be just one of many instruments in the toolbox of security measures on the U.S.-Mexico border. There was a change in methodology in 2011–12: Customs, Customs, Annual report 2011–12, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2012, p. 20, accessed 9 May 2013. Australian Government, Budget measures: budget paper no. The Constitution is available on Comlaw. Border Security is a dynamic documentary series that offers viewers a front row seat to high stakes, bizarre reveals, and comical conflicts that are part of everyday life for border security officers.

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