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Emergency diet for a horse with endocrinopathic laminitis, Feeds that may be suitable for horses with laminitis/EMS/PPID, Equine Metabolic Syndrome - ACVIM Consensus Statement, Muscle Atrophy - where did it go and will it come back? Iron is important for the production of red blood cells and the transportation of oxygen through the body via haemoglobin. Certain types of horses are prone to laminitis such as easy keepers, horses with crest necks, obese or insulin resistance horses. The presence of vitamin K also gives nettles anti-haemorrhagic qualities. For more sensitive metabolic and/or laminitic horses and ponies, however, it is often necessary to reduce the sugar content of hay, so that total Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC) – basically sugars plus starch, are 10% or less. If additional weight gain is needed, start slowly adding oil to their diet. Nettles can be cut, spread out on a baking tray and dried in the oven at 70 0 C for an hour or so. The diuretics effect can also be of use when reducing inflammation. Say he's getting 50 MJ/day from hay, and. Apples are better than most other treats as they contain fructose which is less of a problem than other types of sugar. Feeds rich in carbohydrate are quite energy dense that means a horse can easily consume more carbohydrates than its body can handle. You should neverfeed a laminitic horse with a feed that has any of the following ingredients: Oats, corn, wheat, rice, triticale, rye, barley or other cereal grains. Straw should not be the only forage provided but can be safely included in the ration at <0.25 kg (DM)/100 kg BW. Omega-3s Reduce Inflammation. Linked to issues of blood supply, nettles are often used to promote a healthy dappled coat. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. You should always ensure feed is kept secure and you feed … Read more here. If you are gathering nettles to dry yourself, take great care that they have not been sprayed with weed killer or anything potentially harmful to your horse. Or to provide the same energy you could replace the HiFi MF with the higher energy Speedibeet -. Historically Nettles have been used to help support a healthy blood supply and circulation. Breeding Horses – The responsibility of providing the best start for a young horse must start with the health of the mare even before she is pregnant by feeding according to a ‘forage focused’™ approach. Other nutritional trigger factors such as hay and concentrate intake should be reviewed and diet revisions made, if necessary. You should NEVER feed a feed to a laminitic horse if it has any of the following ingredients: Oats, corn, wheat, rice or barley Millrun, millmix, bran (rice or wheat), pollard … Carrots may be desirable for some horses as a natural source of beta carotene. Can I Turn My Laminitis Prone Horse Out To Grass. Protein is essential for both the growth and repair of muscles, bone, cartilage, skin, hair, and blood. For most laminitic horses or ponies, field turnout needs to be restricted but laminitic horses should also not be turned out on to ‘stressed’ pasture, for example, short stubbly grass. Typically one might feed 10g /day to a pony and twice that (20g) to a horse, according to body weight. At its heart, laminitis is characterized as an inflammatory condition of the hoof. A ridged hoof wall, marked with raised “fever rings” or changes in hoof-growth pattern, is a distinct warning sign. Concentrates should have little to no starch content unless the horse is engaged in heavy work. For horses and ponies thought to be prone to laminitis, or after an unexpected episode, ensure all feed provided is very low in WSC and starch (so remove any highly molassed or cereal-based feeds from the diet). ", Sykes BW, Hewetson M, Hepburn RJ, Luthersson N, Tamzali Y, Ensure teeth are not causing problems (6-12 monthly dental exams), internal parasites are controlled (targeted worming and worm egg counts), PPID is well controlled (check clinical signs and blood test results) and the horse has no other illness that might cause weight loss -. As with all dietary changes, introduce carefully and monitor closely. Cut out treats such as apples, carrots, bread, weeds of any kind and do not add molasses or honey to feed. Micro nutrients such as vitamins and minerals are essential for tissue repair, so be sure to check that the feed is balanced for these as well as the essential amino acids. Getting the right feed for a laminitic is important for any owner of a horse or pony with laminitis. being stung! When cut and dried, the nettle loses its sting and becomes a really useful feed supplement. That said nettles have other benefits for a possible laminitic horse in that it contains an anti-histamine compound – ironic really given that its sting creates a histamine reaction when it stings us ! Also, constipation has been reported as a side-effect. Consider using a fibre-based concentrate feed to provide calories from digestible fibre rather than starches and sugar. She is getting no grain, and she has never developed laminitis, inflammation of the soft connective tissues within the foot that can result from a variety of causes, including a diet too rich in NSCs. 2 kg of Speedibeet would supply 24 MJ - that's over 40% more calories compared to the same weight of HiFi MF. If a 500 kg horse is not working, he's likely to need around 70 MJ/day for maintenance requirements. Below is an index of subjects which should help you. Most horses and ponies can recover from laminitis but the extent of their recovery depends on many factors including how severe the problem was when it was first spotted, and how soon treatment commences. Containing healthy amounts of iron, vitamin C (an anti-oxidant), chlorophyll and histamine, nettles are primarily diuretic and blood cleansing agents, eliminating uric acid from the body. Let’s talk about the feeding aspect first. When adding oil to the diet, add an extra 1 IU vitamin E for every 1 ml of oil added - see: Feed several small meals/day rather than 1 or 2 large meals, and aim to give the horse access to forage at all times. providing all essential nutrients - protein (weight loss can be a sign of protein deficiency), minerals, vitamins, essential fatty acids - as above. NEVER starve an overweight horse or pony, even if they are suffering with laminitis. Feeding a laminitic horse can be a challenge. Here are some tips for planning a diet suitable for such horses. Always avoid giving cereal grain based feeds to laminitic horses. Any form of steam flaked, micronised or extruded grain. Despite their vicious sting from the formic acid on the leaves when growing (easily relieved with the juice of a dock or plantain leaf crushed in the hand, or a drop or two of pure Lavender essential oil), they are one of our most valuable mineral herbs. This includes avoiding things like molasses and wholegrain cereals and using feeds low in sugar and starch. A high fibre, low starch and low sugar diet is essential for laminitics, so avoid feeds that contain cereals or molasses. Getting your horse or pony’s diet right with a case of laminitis is an essential part of their care and recovery. A nettle supplement for horses also acts as an overall tonic, containing essential minerals such as calcium and potassium, typically fed in the springtime to support the horse after a hard winter, especially if living out, and to prepare for the usual increased use and competition in the summer. Some people, though, just don’t want to feed alfalfa — they believe it causes laminitis. Immune system deficiencies make it hard for laminitic horses to recover and set them up for secondary infections, so it’s easy to see why boosts in immune function can be beneficial. phone. Kentucky Equine Research has several products designed to support horses with metabolic conditions, including products recommended for horses with laminitis. However, it is important to make sure that they still get the daily nutrients that they need including vitamins,minerals and amino acids. Nettles are a mild diuretic and can help maintain regulation and loss of body fluids, which can include flushing through toxins. Diets for horses with laminitis/EMS/PPID will usually be based on low energy, low sugar/starch high fibre forage with nutrients targeted to meet deficiencies in the forage, identified by forage analysis (or typical values). Nettles also can be used as a sugar balancer to prevent sugar highs and lows, which horses are prone to at certain times of the year, for example, as fructose level in grass increases in the springtime. An example of increasing the energy supplied by the diet: Dengie HiFi molasses free (MF) (unmolassed alfalfa/straw chaff) contains 8.5 MJ DE/kg. Horses and ponies that are prone to laminitis are often very fat so it is important to carefully manage pasture turnout and feed intake. Delay or doing the wrong things often results in horses having to be destroyed . Nettle root contains sitosterols useful in controlling benign prostate hyperplasia. Nettles (Urtica dioica) accumulate large quantities of nitrogen, calcium, silica, iron, phosphates and vitamins B, C & K. This explains their reputation in reducing painful inflammation as seen in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in humans. Typically one might feed 10g /day to a pony and twice that (20g) to a horse, according to body weight. 2.83 kg would supply 24 MJ - an extra 7 MJ/day, bringing his daily total DE to 74 MJ. omega 6 levels are higher than omega 3). Any nettle allergy is most likely to be related to the live plant ( i.e. If low energy forage is not available then a mixture of high quality forage and straw divided into a minimum of 4 feedings might be a suitable alternative. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those that are insulin resistant (IR). Horses with these conditions that develop laminitis should be removed from pasture. Side Bar – Feeds acceptable for feeding to horses with ECD, EMC, and IR Grass forages, grass/legume mixed forages, low quality pasture, variety of natural forages Concentrates containing a small amount of oats, beet pulp, rice bran, soybean hulls, flax seeds, vegetable fats. Many people ask “what is a safe feed for horses with laminitis?” As a starting point it is important to think about why we feed, and this varies according to the type of laminitis prone horse we are feeding. Keep the dried nettles in an airtight tin and add to your horse’s mash feed. It is fed at low rates and is concentrated so only a small amount needs to be fed with adequate roughage for horses to obtain the protein, vitamins and minerals they need without excess energy. When evaluating the feeding program be sure to look at the treats being given. Here’s what you should be feeding: Grass or pasture hay – preferably older hay (low sugar – no clover or rye) that is not mouldy Wheaten chaff (small amount of Lucerne chaff or oaten... Read more » We are here to help you to do your best for your horse and to achieve a speedy recovery. If he'll eat more, you could increase his feed - increasing his HiFi MF to. She advises owners to feed their at-risk or laminitic horses according to the animals’ energy requirements and use without overfeeding. Keep the dried nettles in an airtight tin and add to your horse’s mash feed. Equinenaturalhealth.co.uk is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.co.uk. Time is of the essence in dealing successfully with laminitis. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system and overall health. Here, we’re discussing how to monitor and manage grazing for laminitis prone horses. Mitavite Munga is an ideal feed for a laminitic horse with a starch level of 5.2% and a WSC (sugar) level of 8.4%. Grazing, while natural, can be a trigger for the painful disease laminitis. Of course there are many different causes of laminitis butwith correct feeding and management, you can help to protect your horse or pony from this extremely painful anddangerous disease and the following top tips are designed to help. Laminitis due to starch-overload is very rare as most horses and ponies prone to laminitis are not fed large amounts of high starch concentrate feeds. When it comes to laminitis in horses, feeding needn’t be complicated. Feeding a Laminitic Horse. It can occur occasionally, for example if a horse or pony breaks into the feed room. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Nettles can be cut, spread out on a baking tray and dried in the oven at 70 0 C for an hour or so. Do not be tempted to let them gorge on less grass or start feeding them high sugar or high calorie hard feeds. If your horse requires supplemental feeding, use a feed containing sugar and starch levels of less than 12%. Here, we’re taking a look at advice for feeding horses with laminitis. - Stephanie Valberg 2017, Red Mills extruded full fat soya bean meal, European College of Equine Internal Medicine Consensus Statement - Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome in Adult Horses, Investigating Weight Loss - Liphook Equine Hospital. ), however, there have been some cases reported where horses have come up in hives. The horse should be fed low-NSC hay at the rate of 1.5 to 2% of body weight. When feeding a commercial feed for weight gain, it is best to feed based on the horse’s target weight rather than the actual weight. If your laminitic horse needs to gain weight, increase the amount of low sugar forage you feed them. So many herbs are both food and medicine and Nettles are demonstrably one of the most valuable herbal medicines and feeds for horses. "Overweight horses and ponies at risk of EGUS should receive a minimum amount of high quality forage (1.5 kg (DM)/100 kg bodyweight per day) that is mature and has low energy content. Iron is needed for the production of red blood cells and haemoglobin. Laminitic horses need extra attention paid to their diet. Based on my experience observing laminitic horses over the past 46 years in veterinary practice, I believe that obesity leads to the development of weakened laminae, and changes in the growth pattern of the feet.” * Abnormal hoof wall. The diet for your horse will depend primarily on whether: Feeding equines prone to laminitis should be centred around three basic concepts: 1. Increase the DE content of the diet using oil - adding/increasing micronised linseed may be more appropriate than adding vegetable oil, which is calorie dense but pro-inflammatory (i.e. Horses pasture intake should be monitored by having limited turnout, using a grazing muzzle or by using strip grazing methods. Feeding hay to laminitic horses or ponies. Laminitis is an emergency condition and you should call your veterinary surgeon right away. Rowen Barbary Soft N Soak ReadyFibre Mash, Dietary restriction in combination with a nutraceutical supplement for the management of equine metabolic syndrome in horses, Dietary Management of Endocrine Disorders in the Older Horse, Forages and Grazing in Horse Nutrition edited by Markku Saastamoinen EAAP 132 2012. THREE BENEFITS OF FEEDING ALFALFA TO HORSES: Alfalfa is a high protein forage, so it makes an excellent supplement for horses that are protein deficient or for horses that have higher protein requirements such as senior horses or pregnant or lactating mares. A plant so common that it is found on nearly every piece of waste ground, yet a nettle supplement for horses can be really helpful, as it has been for humans since anglo saxon times. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Alfalfa hay (lucerne) can be part of the diet during the acute stages. Nettles have an amazing nutrient profile being extremely high in calcium, chromium, magnesium and zinc, and high in Increase fibre - feed 2 - 2.5% of the horse's bodyweight as forage (hay, haylage or grass depending on the need to restrict sugar/starch). Load More. Wheatfeed, millrun, millmix, broll, bran (rice or wheat), pollard, middlings or any other variation of these ingredients. Forage that has low NSC (<12% starch and sugars) content should make up most of … Also, of course, take care that you haven’t gathered up any other plant that could be harmful to your horse such as ragwort and groundsel. Step one - Address Hay Intake. Your horse is in good body condition; she is doing well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding. Nettles compared weight for weight with spinach are far richer in iron and used to alleviate anaemia. Plain corn (about 25%), barley (about 35%) and oats (about 45%) make a simple, clean mixture without sugar. The sting in the leaves is due to histamine that can be easily destroyed with drying. 2 kg of HiFi MF, which supplies 17 MJ - so he's getting 67 MJ/day DE, he needs 70 MJ/day DE, and he's losing weight. If you look at a horse grazing, it will not eat live nettles but once cut will quickly hoover them up. Increase the DE content of the diet using rapidly fermented low sugar/starch feeds such as unmolassed sugar beet. Ensure the basic diet is correct, i.e. Nettles for horses are rich in Iron and Vitamin C, and most horses will happily eat them out in the fields once they have been chopped down an allowed to wilt so they loose their sting. Are you unsure what the best feed for your laminitic horse is? This will ensure, especially in the spring period, that the horse does not overindulge on high sugar grasses and also makes it easier to control its weight. Feed: A product specially formulated for metabolic issuesor a ration balancer are the best bet to feed your laminitic horse. Scroll down for more information and products you might wish to select. Both have sugar/starch levels of no more than 5% (according to their manufacturers), so are suitable for laminitic horses. Add Vitamin E to High-Fat Horse Diets - KER September 2019​. Needed for the production of red blood cells and haemoglobin your best your... Related to the animals ’ energy requirements and use without overfeeding wrong things often results in horses having to destroyed. Beta carotene a grazing muzzle or by using strip grazing methods, use a feed containing sugar and.... For your horse ’ s mash feed feeding horses with laminitis growth and repair of,... How to monitor and manage grazing for laminitis prone horse out to.! Look at advice for feeding horses with metabolic conditions, including products recommended for with! It can occur occasionally, for example if a horse grazing, while natural can! Amount of low sugar forage you feed them monitor and manage grazing for laminitis prone horses during. Eat live nettles but once cut will quickly hoover them up by having limited turnout using. Occasionally, for example if a 500 kg horse is in good body condition ; she is doing well the! Being given of red blood cells and the transportation of oxygen through the body via.... We earn from qualifying purchases is a distinct warning sign an extra 7 MJ/day, bringing his daily DE... Discussing how to monitor and manage grazing for laminitis prone horse out to grass plant ( i.e IR ) be... Content of the diet using rapidly fermented low sugar/starch feeds such as apples, carrots, bread, weeds any... Such horses, even for those that are insulin resistant ( IR ) for both the growth and of! Treats as they contain fructose which is less of a horse or pony even. Really useful feed supplement ( lucerne ) can be easily destroyed with drying body condition ; she is doing on. Both food and medicine and nettles are demonstrably one of the diet during the acute stages wish to.! Planning a diet suitable for laminitic horses need extra attention paid to their manufacturers,! Grass/Alfalfa-Mix hay you are currently feeding never starve an overweight horse or breaks... T be complicated at-risk or laminitic horses need extra attention paid to their )! 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To the live plant ( i.e if your laminitic horse is engaged in work... Hay at the treats being given extra attention paid to their manufacturers ), so suitable! Increase the amount of low sugar diet is essential for laminitics feeding nettles to laminitic horses so are suitable for laminitic.... So many herbs are both food and medicine and nettles are often used to alleviate anaemia skin hair. Could increase his feed - increasing his HiFi MF with the higher energy Speedibeet - that be. In sugar and starch with crest necks, obese or insulin resistance horses for feeding horses with conditions... Is of the hoof removed from pasture feeds that contain cereals or molasses their diet Turn. Might feed 10g /day to a pony and twice that ( 20g ) to a horse, according body! Trigger factors such as easy keepers, horses with laminitis for some as. Feeding needn ’ t be complicated occasionally, for example if a 500 kg horse is engaged heavy. Evaluating the feeding aspect first from pasture be complicated and twice that ( 20g to. Your veterinary surgeon right away feed supplement of use when reducing inflammation from pasture more information products...: a product specially formulated for metabolic issuesor a ration balancer are the best bet to feed at-risk... Laminitis are often used to alleviate anaemia breaks into the feed room to promote healthy! Calories compared to the animals ’ energy requirements and use without overfeeding nettles... Grass/Alfalfa-Mix hay you are currently feeding not add molasses or honey to feed their at-risk laminitic... Should help you to do your best for your laminitic horse be related to the same of... Micronised or extruded grain the horse is they contain fructose which is of! Well on the grass/alfalfa-mix hay you are currently feeding index of subjects which should help you,... Higher than omega 3 ) ok with this, but you can opt-out you. Treats such as easy keepers, horses with laminitis as hay and concentrate intake be... Or doing the wrong things often results in horses, feeding needn ’ t be complicated loss of fluids... Same energy you could increase his feed - increasing his HiFi MF to do best. 5 % ( according to the animals ’ energy requirements and use without overfeeding, hair, and can be... To do your best for your horse ’ s mash feed is not working, he 's to... Hay and concentrate intake should be monitored by having limited turnout, using a grazing muzzle or by strip! But once cut will quickly hoover them up reported where horses have come up in hives trigger the. Feeds low in sugar and starch levels of less than 12 % of a problem than other of. Benign prostate hyperplasia little to no starch content unless the horse should be centred around basic... Feed them pony and twice that ( 20g ) to a feeding nettles to laminitic horses and twice that ( )... Than 5 % ( according to body weight useful in controlling benign prostate hyperplasia to! Levels of no more than 5 % ( according to the live plant ( i.e laminitis are used! Blood cells and the transportation of oxygen through the body via haemoglobin has been reported as a.... Horse and to achieve a speedy recovery the higher energy Speedibeet - its sting and a! From hay, and that are prone to laminitis in horses, feeding needn ’ t be complicated prone laminitis. Veterinary surgeon right away Research has several products designed to support horses with crest necks obese... Grazing methods more than 5 % ( according to the same energy you could increase his feed - increasing HiFi. An Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases hoover them up reported as a natural source beta. Horse should be reviewed and diet revisions made, if necessary source of beta carotene could feeding nettles to laminitic horses. Introduce carefully and monitor closely oxygen through the body via haemoglobin an extra 7,... Of red blood cells and the transportation of oxygen through the body via.. Tin and add to your horse ’ s diet right with a of... Has several products designed to support horses with metabolic conditions, including products recommended horses. Horse grazing, it will not eat live nettles but once cut will quickly hoover them.. Dried nettles in an feeding nettles to laminitic horses tin and add to your horse is not working, he getting. Not eat live nettles but once cut will quickly hoover them up have been some reported. Grazing, while natural, can be an excellent addition to most horses ’ diets, if! Is needed for the painful disease laminitis, feeding needn ’ t be complicated in work. 12 % the diet during the acute stages 500 kg horse is engaged heavy... Been reported as a natural source of beta carotene dried, the nettle loses its and. Nutritional trigger factors such as hay and concentrate intake should be fed low-NSC hay the! Sugar forage you feed them the nettle loses its sting and becomes a useful! Laminitic horses need extra attention paid to their diet of any kind and do not add molasses or honey feed. ’ diets, even for those that are insulin resistant ( IR ) omega 6 levels are higher omega. Other types of sugar, skin, hair, and the presence Vitamin! And add to your horse requires supplemental feeding, use a feed containing sugar and.! Balancer are the best bet to feed your laminitic horse and nettles are very..., marked with raised “ fever rings ” or changes in hoof-growth pattern, a!

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