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how to dye cotton yarn with procion

How much soda ash depends on the amount of water – usually around 1/2 cup per 1 gallon. Here are a few tips if you fancy having a go yourself. Dyeing Fabric How To Dye Fabric Dyeing Yarn Natural Dyeing Fabric Manipulation Fabric Painting Dyes Surface Design Color Combinations. Procion MX dyes are typically used with a soda ash fixative, which can be added directly to the dye bath or used to pretreat the fabric as in tie dyeing and other “batch setting” techniques. Color Wheel Kit includes four colors of Procion Fiber Reactive Dyes (yellow, red, blue and black 12gr each), PRO Dye Activator, synthrapol and complete instructions. FIX AND FINISH Air dry cloth. Mix the concentrated dye powder with tap water to create the most vibrant colors possible for cotton, linen and other plant-based fabrics (may also be used with protein fibers if acidified). Finally, after your last color, you iron, cover the board and the fabric with clean paper (not newspaper) ADD FIBER Submerge pre-wetted fiber in the dyebath. or at �steam�. For painting: thinner, as SALT Procion Dye (Antique Gold) PMX1-011. Fill a large enamel or stainless steel pot 3/4 full of water and add a tablespoon of detergent and begin heating. Add the dye to the container and stir gently. It is rare that there's a good reason for a hand dyer to use anything else for dyeing cotton. ADD SODA Dissolve the soda in a cup of hot water, Stir carefully until completely dissolved. Dry clean to remove the last enough, simmer skeins, boiling is okay for cotton). So, activate in small batches, never FIX AND FINISH Rinse in warm water to be rid of Re-wet before dyeing. Wash with mild detergent in hot water to set the dye and If Total Yardage: 1,122 Note: The Coral Reef Aqua dye does contain copper compounds. How to Dye Yarn (Dye Methods for Wool) There are many different methods for creating hand dyed yarn such as hand painting, kettle dyeing, speckle and submersion dyeing, etc. ACTIVATE AND APPLY Sodium Bicarbonate (baking Pour salt, dye, and soda ash into the washing machine. Now that you have your beautiful white cotton and have spun up lots and lots of plain white yarn, you are ready to do some dyeing and creative work. If you bake, put a pan of water under the cloth. Remember that although the following guide refers to dyeing yarn, our dyes can be used to colour all natural fibres including fleece, tops/roving, felt, fabrics, mawata caps, silk cocoons, clothing, even paper and willow! (9 qt's.) Continue with each color until you have painted the entire side of the skein. It is the most permanent dye on the market. Rinse Follow the same recipe with fiber you�re sure is dyeable�an Try a water-softener if the colors are dull. (For wool, water s… been �improved�. I actually found a few different methods, but this is the method I chose and am still experimenting with. In a jam jar mix the dye powder with a little warm water and make a solution. (9 qt's.) Approximate Metric Equivalences DISSOLVE DYE Make a paste of the dye in a tablespoon of cold water, stir the paste into a cup of hot tap water (140°F). ); salt is optional. Re-wet before dyeing. inform@earthguild.com, List PREPARE FIBER Prepare your fiber by washing and rinsing. Today I dyed my first rainbow on cotton yarn! The photos below show mixes of Procion MX fiber-reactive dye colors Golden Yellow, Mixing Red, and Intense Blue in different concentrations on cotton yarn. For very dark colors, leave fiber in the dyebath for a longer time, up cloth, or skeined yarn, or unspun fiber. Bring pot to a simmer, and simmer 15 minutes. Item Number: 8200010K. Fill a container with 2 gallons of hot tap water. Remove or push aside the cotton, stir in dissolved dye and replace the cotton. Mix thoroughly. And press both sides to insure sufficient heat. When cool, process with Raycafix Dye Fix. Once, they were dried, which took about a day, I made the big loops into hanks. MIX DYEBATH Mix the two solutions in your dyepot link to see "virtual color swatches", follow this link to see "virtual Add the soda solution to the dyebath. water runs clear. 1 teaspoon DYE�3 gm up or down, for instance) is vastly simpler and your results will be far Use rubber gloves and use caution with the dye especially in the dry form. 1 tablespoon UREA�15 gm Pack includes 4 basic colours, dye fixer and 1 x 100g skein of undyed yarn. Be careful not to over dry and make it brittle. The ideal temperature is 85°F, up to 100°F mixing swatches". How to Colorfast Yarn. rinsing. After the curing the yarn, make another textile wash solution with hot water and 1 teaspoon synthrapol. Although they are specially formulated for cellulose fibers like cotton, linen, ramie and rayon they also work well on silk. technical help: 828-255-7818 five minutes at 285°F, or press with an iron set at 285°F The grocery store variety of washing soda has bleach in it. There are 250 colors in this sample set. You�ll need an accurate scale. your chemicals. (shopping cart enabled) A pound of FIBER is 2 Let your Since they're fixed with sodium carbonate(a common household chemical), instead of heat, you don't have to invest in a dyeing pot to apply them. In humid areas, you can finish off the drying process by putting the dyed lint in a pillow case or mesh bag, and drying it in the dryer on medium heat. Be sure your Soda has not Brush or press or otherwise apply salt in two quarts of hot tap water. Then heat set: bake 1 book, Hand Dyeing Yarn and Fleece, and; 3 full-sized, dye-it-yourself Bare hanks (1 each of Bare Wool of the Andes, Bare Gloss and Bare Stroll). improperly. of yarn or unspun fiber. The last one is not made for synthetic materials so do not try it on poly-cotton blends. MAKE INK/PAINT Scoop out as much Gel Base as needed. among them. is now activated. If you’re using vibrant colors, you may even find the dye rubbing off on to your hands. You will dissolve your dye in water before pouring it over the … It requires only small amounts of water, and can produce interesting color mottling. Dissolve the dye in 250 ml. Spread the dyed cotton lint on a screen to dry outdoors or in a well ventilated area. boil out the wax, wash and dry cloth. excess dye. Procion works best on cotton, rayon, linen, jute. Hand Painting Yarn. remove all dye residues (normal washing-machine �hot� cycle is hot For lighter or Your dyebath e-mail us at old, many times washed, all cotton T-shirt, for example. Blending a little colored lint with natural white cotton makes a lovely heathered yarn. You will need to use linen, viscose or cotton fabric. Stir frequently, and leave for 45 minutes. 1. Procion will work on silk, but shades will be lighter and not the same color as on cotton. Air dry. go back to step 2 for the next color. Colors with one * need 4 teaspoons of dye. And oh my goodness, I realized I created some masterpieces of art. Add about 1 cup of the chemical water to each color. Fill your old bucket so that the fabric can move freely. These dyes produce bright, clear colours, so they are a good choice for tie-dyeing, but you can use them on any plant-based fabric, fibre or yarn. and add the rest of the water: in all, two-and-one-half gallons. DISSOLVE SALT In another container, dissolve the You don't have to start with white fabric-if you want to reinvent a colored item, try a color remover (similar to bleach, but nondamaging) before dyeing it. They are designed for use on cellulose fibers including rayon. Place wet fabric in the machine and (choosing the longest cycle available) start the machine. the paint to your fabric. The longer the immersion, the deeper the color. Price: $22.40/ea. STEP-BY-STEP RECIPE. This You supply the cotton yarn or fabric. STIR Stir occasionally for fifteen minutes (minimum). Here is how Cara created her one-of-a-kind ice dyed cushion covers for her garden. I sometime use PROCION DYE, which is a reactive dye. It will not dye synthetics nor will it dye wool very well. follow this this 1 1/4 cup) Dissolve the salt by stirring and then add the wet scoured lint. Earth Guild Home, follow this this fax: 828-255-8593 PRO MX Reactive Dyes (Procion) are designed to permanently dye cellulose fibers, plant based fibers like cotton, linen, ramie, hemp, viscose rayon, bamboo, tencel, paper, wood, basket reed, even silk at room temperature, and protein fibers like wool. Most importantly, make sure that the yarn is made from 100% cotton. Wash in mild detergent. Fill a bucket, bin, or stainless steel sink (large enough to hold the fabric loosely) about halfway with very hot tap water or boiling water. 1 quart WATER�910 gm See “How to Do Low Water Immersion Dyeing”. This will whiten or lighten the fabric so it can take on the new color. This is when I discovered I’d used too much of the blue dye. Use several colors at a time, if you like. your fabric in hot soapy water, then in warm running water until the Choose white, 100% cotton yarn. 1 teaspoon BAKING SODA�5 gm. (approx. The salt in the recipe enhances the solubility and availability of the dye and the soda ash is the activator. you like it. So do you know how to colorfast yarn and keep it from bleeding and fading? Results vary with Now you need to add the soda ash and stir until it is dissolved. Looking to Dye Wool fabric, fibre or yarn. The fibre reactive Procion MX dye powders should, for convenience, be mixed into a 1% solution; e.g. To dye less than a pound, scale down. Remove dyed cotton, stir in the soda and replace the cotton. If you want a more dusty, muted color, however, you could try gray instead. To set, follow ONLY one of the following two methods; i) Microwave on high for 4-5 minutes. 1 1/4 cups) of hot tap water (104F). Adjust the consistency: add Sodium Alginate to thicken, water to thin. All you need is a plastic container, Procion dye, water, soda ash or washing soda (not baking soda! of luke warm water (85 F, up to 100 F..turquoise MX-G 140F). An hour after the Bicarbonate Starting with one color begin to paint on the dye at one end of the skein. Take out package and leave at room temperature for a few hours. Kit will dye 3-4 yds of muslin, or 8 yds of China Silk, or 3 medium t-shirts, or 1 sweatshirt. Your colored cotton lint is now ready to tease, card and spin. Cotton can also be dyed with direct dyes and all-purpose dyes, though the colors from these less washfast dyes will fade q… PREPARE FIBER Prepare your fiber by washing and more precise and repeatable. If you get consistently poor results, check your water, your fiber, and traces of wax.). Measuring them is SUPER simple because they are coded with asterisks (*). Immerse damp fabric and dye for 30 minutes, moving the material through the liquid every few minutes to ensure even dyeing. Soda sets the dye so the lint will be color fast. Procion dyes are very versatile, enabling you to create a wide range of shades and colours on any natural fibres.. What can I dye? In 2017, I got together with two friends and dyed 1,500 samples of cotton yarn using Procion MX fiber-reactive dyes. Preparing the fabric for ice dyeing. one teaspoon of Baking Soda per cup of Gel. Find out if your dyes are too old, or have been stored Remove dyed cotton, rinse thoroughly in tap water and then repeat scouring procedure (step #1). 5g of powder in a small vessel stirred into a smooth paste with a little cold water and made up to ½ litre with water (less than 50°C) from the tap. If you can once master the metric form�calculating (scaling link to see "virtual color swatches" again. Stir thoroughly so that all the particles are dissolved Add dye solution to the salt water and stir again. Let it stand 10 minutes. the fiber used. To order more undyed yarn click here. Woven cloth needs less dye to achieve a given depth of shade than knitted I just can’t believe that the cotton yarn I had so much trouble with dyeing, turned out so beautiful using liquid Rit dye. and add the salt (243 gr or approx. Procion Fiber Reactive dyes are simple to use and offer amazing versatility to the adventurous dyer. Agitate for as long as your machine allows, up to 50 minutes (30 minutes for pastels). Colourcraft yarn dyeing starter packs for an introduction to creating hand dyed yarn. follow this link to see "virtual The dyeing method below uses Procion MX dyes on cotton fabric. Fabrics, yarns or whatever you plan to dye must be thoroughly clean and wet before putting into dyebath. more than an hour�s worth at a time. Results of Dyeing Cotton Yarn with Liquid Rit Dye. Be careful to use pure sodium carbonate. mixing swatches". The yarn must cure for roughly 24 hours for the dyes to set permanently. 2. Before you begin the ice dyeing, you need to prepare your cotton fabric or flour sack towels by soaking them in the soda ash. to a medium colour 0.1g dye is perfect for pastels 2-4g dye is ideal for deeper shades (4g for black and the richest reds) Use 25g citric acid (or 100ml vinegar) per 100g dry weight of fibre To dye more than a pound, scale all quantities upwards Two starter pack options available: Acid for protein fibre yarns and Procion for plant fibre yarns. of Instructions Fill a large enamel or stainless steel pot 3/4 full of water and add a tablespoon of detergent and begin heating. Apparently, the dye in yarns is notorious for bleeding. Procion dyes are used to dye plant-based fibres or fabrics, such as cotton, linen, bamboo and ramie. Dissolve the soda ash in some water in a jug or jar and add to the dye solution/salt water in the bucket. Air dry. Fiber reactive dyes develop color inside the fiber of the materials being dyed. the minimum time: activated dye solutions degrade wax. ii) Leave covered or bagged for 24-48 hours at room temperature. If your machine allows, extend the wash cycle before the dye bath drains. water stand over-night if the colors are thin. goes in, the Dye begins to die. are batiking, dry cloth after the rinse in step 8, re-wax cloth, and 1 tablespoon SODIUM ALGINATE�14 gm 1g dye will dye 100g dry weight of fibre (yarn/fleece/fabric etc.) BASIC PROCION RECIPE Most fabric, yarn, and craft stores will have a special section in their yarn aisle for cotton yarn. soda) turns on the dye. Mix sodium carbonate (soda ash) with 1/2 cup of very hot water, stir until dissolved. As the water warms, tease the cotton lint and immerse it into the warm water. To start there are 5 good brand names you can select from-- Jacquard Procion MX, Rit dyes, SEI tumble dye craft, and fabric spray dyes, Tulip Permanent Fabric Dyes, and Dylon Fabric dyes. darker shades, use less or more of all the powders, keeping the same proportions is your dyebath. (Kaye and I dyed the skeins; Carla wound the dyed skeins onto sample cards.) With Hand Painting, you apply the dye onto the yarn directly by hand. Catalog Let the cotton sit in the dye mixture for about 30 minutes, stirring occasionally. (If you Stir to make sure the dye is evenly dispersed in the cotton. column in metric units. Cover work surface with a dropcloth. But for batik use boiling if necessary. of cold water. Dyeing Cotton & Rayon by Susan Druding This is a recipe for a simple technique for printing or spraying Procion ® ICI, Chemicals Ltd. (fiber reactive cold water dyes) onto cotton, rayon, or silk fabrics, warp yarns, skeins of yarn, or fibers. Kraftkolour sells the full range of 66 colours of Landscapes dyes online. or scrap cloth. to 5 yards of woven cloth, a lesser yardage of knits, the simple dry weight Check it out now. Remove yarn from Soda Ash soak, wring gently and place on a plastic covered surface, laying out hank in a long row. is regular table salt, sodium chloride. to twenty-four hours. Ice dyeing is a technique for creating random patterning on fabrics (or fibres and yarns!). 1.Wash your fabric item if it is new. The easiest method for dyeing cotton with Procion MX dye is called low water immersion dyeing. The kitchen units are volumes, inherently inexact (My thread is mercerised cotton and I’m dyeing it with Procion MX fibre reactive dye). Rinse in tap water and squeeze out excess water. Add to the Pigmented Gel, stirring in thoroughly, For still darker shades�over-dye�do the entire process Hand dyeing threads for quilting and embroidery is really quite simple. is okay (Turquoise MX-G, alone and in mixes, strikes best at 140°F). The left column below gives measurements in �kitchen� form, the right Acid dyes are suitable for dying wool, nylon, silk, or any animal fiber, but not for plant fibers such as cotton. In a large plastic container or enamel pot, put 8,920 ml. In a large plastic container or enamel pot, put 8,920 ml. You just mix 8 oz of warm water to the following amount of dye: Colors with no * need 2 teaspoons of dye. Photos of 250 dye samples of Procion MX fiber-reactive dye on cotton yarn, using Gold, Fuchsia, and Mixing Blue/Cobalt Blue. Steps for Dyeing. White will be the best, because it will give you the brightest results. Soak and rinse the hank until all the excess dye is removed and the water runs clear. SODA is washing soda, sal soda, sodium carbonate, soda ash. This recipe dyes one pound of fiber to a medium shade. DISSOLVE DYE Make a paste of the dye in a tablespoon The longest-lasting and easiest-to-use dyes for hand-dyeing cotton are the cold water fiber reactive dyes, such as the Procion MX type dyes found in most tie-dye kits. For printing: thicker than an egg-white. for orders: 1-800-327-8448 for powders. I have photographed them, color-corrected the photos, and posted the photos on the pages linked below. Is dyeing not your style, or you aren't ready to jump in headfirst? proportionately.

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